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Benefits And Costs Of Immunizing Children at School: An Economic Analysis


April 30, 2010

Influenza has a substantial impact in terms of medical resource use, lost productivity, and, for families, caregiver burden.  Vaccination is an effective prevention strategy, but can be challenging to administer to vulnerable patients.  Exponent used data from a clinical study of a multi-state school-based vaccination program and built an economic model evaluating the cost consequences of such a program to households where a child had received an immunization compared to households without an immunized child, both over the peak week and over the entire influenza season.  Data sources included typical clinical outcomes, such as number of household members infected, but also use of outpatient and inpatient medical services, number of work days lost due to illness and caregiving prescription, and use of prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications.  Costs of the vaccinations and administration of the program were apportioned to immunized households.  During the peak week, costs were essentially identical for immunized and non-immunized households, but over the influenza season, costs were $172 lower for each immunized household. 

Jordana Schmier, Managing Scientist in Exponent"s Health Practice was lead author on this work.  You can access the paper at Health Affairs Online  (subscripton required).

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