Michael Bolger
Michael P. Bolger, Ph.D., DABT
Senior Managing Scientist
Chemical Regulation & Food Safety
  • Washington, DC

Dr. Bolger is a board-certified toxicologist by the American Board of Toxicology. Since 1980, he has been involved in the hazard, safety, and risk assessment of anthropogenic and naturally derived contaminants in food. Dr. Bolger received his Bachelor’s Degree in biology from Villanova University and his Doctoral Degree in physiology and biophysics from Georgetown University. After a three year postdoctoral position at the Georgetown University Medical Center, he became a staff fellow in toxicology with the Bureau of Foods in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Upon completion of his staff fellowship, he accepted a position as a toxicologist with the Contaminants Branch at the FDA.

Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Bolger was the Director of the Chemical Hazards Assessment staff in the Office of Food Safety, which is responsible for the hazard, safety, and risk assessment of food borne contaminants, and for reporting FDA monitoring efforts on food-borne environmental contaminants and the conduct of exposure assessments. Dr. Bolger is currently serving as a food safety expert of the World Health Organization and as a member of the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives and the Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group of the World Health Organization.

Dr. Bolger is the recipient of the 2009 Arnold J. Lehman Award conferred by the Society of Toxicology and the 2010 Outstanding Risk Practitioner Award conferred by the Society of Risk Analysis.

CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown College, 1976
  • B.S., Biology, Villanova University, 1971

LICENSES & CERTIFICATIONS

Diplomat of the American Board of Toxicology (DABT), recertified 2011

Publications

Bolger PM, Eisner GM, Ramwell PW Slotkoff LM. Effect of prostaglandin synthesis on renal function and renin in the dog. Nature 1976; 259:244–245.

Bolger PM. The effect of prostaglandin synthesis on canine renal function. Ph.D. thesis, Dahlgren Memorial Library, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. and University of Microfilm, Ann Arbor, MI, 1976.

Bolger PM, Eisner GM, Shea PT, Ramwell PW Slotkoff LM. Effects of prostaglandin D2 on canine renal function. Nature 1977; 267:626–630.

Bolger PM, Eisner GM, Ramwell PW, Slotkoff LM, Corey EJ. Renal actions of prostacyclin. Nature 1978; 271:467–469.

Sinetetos AL, Bolger PM, Ramwell PW. Effects of prostacyclin on isolated canine renal artery and vein. In: Prostacyclin. Vane J, Bergstrom S (eds), Raven Press, New York, NY, pp. 269–274, 1978.

Shea-Donohue PT, Bolger PM, Eisner GM Slotkoff LM. Effects of PGE2 on electrolyte and fluid excretion in the canine kidney. Evidence for a direct tubular effect. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 1979; 57:1448–1452.

Bolger PM, Ramwell PM, Eisner GM, Slotkoff LM. The effect of components of the arachidonate cascade on the intact dog kidney. In: Hemostasis, Prostaglandins and Renal Disease. G. Remuzzi, G. Mecca and G. de Gactano (eds), Raven Press, New York, NY, pp.189 198, 1980.

Hattan DG, Henry SH, Montgomery SG, Bleiberg MJ, Rulis AM, Bolger PM. The role of the Food and Drug Administration in the regulation of neuroeffective food additives. In: Nutrition and the Brain. R. Wurtman and D. Wurtman (eds), Raven Press, pp. 31–99, 1983.

Wagstaff DJ, Meaburn M, Bolger M, Conrath S, Hackley B. Status of data sources on fish consumption in the United States. Marine Fisheries Review 1986; 48:20 23.

Boyer IJ, Bolger PM, Henry S, Kokoski C. Role of the FDA in establishing tolerable levels for dioxin and PCBs in aquatic organisms. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 1990; 33:91–100.

Henry SH, Bolger PM, Cramer G, Lorentzen R, Scheuplein R, Springer J, Kuznesof P, Lewis C, Schwartz P. U.S. Food and Drug Administration assessment of upper bound lifetime risk from various products contaminated with dioxins from paper mill effluent or from contact with bleached paper products. Organohalogen Compounds – Dioxin 90 1990; 3:243–246.

Cramer G, Bolger PM, Henry SH, Kuznesof P, Lewis C, Lorentzen R, Scheuplein R, Schwartz P, Springer J. USFDA assessment of exposure to 2,3,7,9 TCDD and 2,3,7,8 TCDF from foods contacting bleached paper products. Organohalogen Compounds – Dioxin 90 1990; 3:227–230.

Bolger PM, Carrington C, Capar S, Adams M. Reductions in dietary lead exposures in the United States. Chemical Speciation Bioavailability 1991; 3:31–36.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. An assessment of the hazards of lead in food. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 1992; 16:265–272.

Carrington C, Sheehan D, Bolger PM. Hazard assessment of lead. Food Additives and Contaminants 1993; 10:325–335.

Adams M, Bolger M. Dietary intake and hazards of arsenic. In: Arsenic—Exposure and health. Science Technology Letters 1995; 41–49.

Bolger M, Yess N, Gunderson E, Troxell T, Carrington C. Identification and reduction of sources of dietary lead in the United States. Food Additives and Contaminants 1996; 13:53–60.

Carrington C, Bolger M, Scheuplein R. Risk analysis of dietary lead exposure. Food Additives Contaminants 1996; 13:61–76.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Methylmercury hazards and risks—What is the question. Proceedings of Intersociety of Energy Conversion, 1996.

Bolger M, Henry S, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood samples from Prince William Sound. American Fisheries Society Symposium 1996; 18:837–843.

Bolger M, Carrington C, Henry S. Risk assessment for risk management and regulatory decision-making at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In: Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Principles, Methods and Applications. A. Fan and L. Chang (eds), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp.791–798, 1996.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Methylmercury hazards and risks—What is the question? Proceedings, 31st Intersoc. Energy Conf., pp. 2330–2334, 1997.

Bolger M. International/U.S. Approaches to risk assessment/management. Risk Assessment–what is the question? Chapter 6. In: Risk Harmonization – Federal/State Approaches to Health Risks from Environmental Hazards. John Wiley Publisher, pp.51–60, 1997.

Bolger M. A case study. sport fish consumption advisories in the Great Lakes region. Chapter 13. In: Risk Harmonization – Federal/State Approaches to Health Risks from Environmental Hazards, John Wiley Publisher, pp. 167–168, 1997.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of neurodevelopmental toxins in food. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 1997; 3:275–278.

Adams M, Kuznesof P, Bolger M. Non-plastic beverage containers. potential migrants and possible health effects. European Journal of Oncology 1997; 2:553–557.

Carrington C, Bolger M. A risk assessment for methylmercury in tuna. Water, Air Soil Pollution 1997; 97:273–283.

Humphreys S, Bolger M. A public health analysis of dietary aluminum. Chapter 16. In: Aluminum Toxicity in Infants and Health and Nutrition. Wiley Publishers, pp. 226–238, 1997.

Assimon S, Adams M, Jacobs, R. Bolger M. Preliminary assessment of potential health hazards associated with barium leached from glazed ceramicware. Food Additives and Contaminants 1997; 5:483–490.

Gaylor D, Bolger M, Schwetz B. U.S. Food Drug Administration perspective of the inclusion of effects of low level exposures in safety/risk assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives 1998; 106:391–394.

Henry S, Page S, Bolger M. Hazard assessment of Akee fruit (Blighia sapida). Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 1998; 4:1175–1187.

Bolger M. Residue and exposure levels of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors. In: Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation, ILSI Press, pp. 146–154, 1998.

Bolger M. Issues in characterizing risks of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors. In: Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation, ILSI Press, pp. 208–219, 1998.

Bolger M. Methylmercury and fish—Risks and benefits. Health and Environment Digest 1998; 12:37–39.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Uncertainty and risk assessment. Human Ecological Risk Assessment 1998; 4:253–257.

Henry S, Bolger M, Troxell T. Toxicology and regulatory aspects of chlorine and chloro-organic compounds. In: Chlorine and Chlorine Compounds in the Paper Industry, Ann Arbor Press, Chelsea, MI, pp. 251–284, 1998.

Tao S, Bolger M. Hazard assessment of germanium supplements. Regulatory Toxicology Pharmacology 1998; 4:253–257.

Henry S, Bosch F, Troxell T, Bolger T. Reducing liver cancer—Global control of aflatoxin. Science 1999; 286:2453–2454.

Tao S, Bolger M. Dietary arsenic intakes in the United States. FDA Total Diet study, September 1991-1996. Food Additives Contaminants 1998; 16:465–472.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment of crude oil in subsistence seafood samples from the Prince William Sound—Lessons learned from the Exxon Valdez. In: Evaluating and communicating subsistence seafood safety in a cross-cultural context. SETAC Press monograph, pp. 195–204, 2000.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, Carrington C, Dewailly E, Magos L, Petersen B. Methylmercury monograph. WHO-FAO, 2000.

Carrington C, Bolger M, Larsen J. Lead monograph. WHO-FAO, 2000.

Carrington C, Bolger M. A pooled analysis of the Iraqi and Seychelles methylmercury studies. Human Ecological Risk Assessment 2000; 6:323–340.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Safety assessment and risk assessment. Sometimes more is less. ORACBA News, USDA, Spring, 2000.

Ponce R, Bartell S, LaFlamme D, Carrington C, Lee R, Faustman E, Bolger M. Quantitative analysis of risks and benefits for public health decisions applied to fish consumption. Use of QALY weighted dose-response modeling. Risk Analysis 2000; 20:529–542.

Humphreys S, Carrington C, Bolger M. A risk assessment for Fumonisin B. Corn, Food Additives and Contaminants 2001; 18:211–220.

Egan K, Tao S, Pennington J, Bolger M. U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Total Diet Study. Intake of nutritional and toxic elements, 1991–1996. Food Additives and Contaminants 2001; 19:103-125.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, Goyer, R.. Cadmium monograph. WHO-FAO, 2001.

Jensen E, Egan S, Canady R, Bolger P. Dietary exposures to persistent organic pollutants. Toxicology and Industrial Health 2001 Jun; 17(5–10):157–162.

Wood G, Lee Y, Egan K, Bolger M. US Food and Drug Administration's monitoring and surveillance programs for mycotoxins, pesticides and contaminants in food. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2001 Oct; 3(5):79N-83N.

Bolger M. Blood and hair mercury levels in young children and women of childbearing age – United States. MMWR 2001; 50:140–143.

Bolger M. Acute chemical toxicants. Proceedings, ILSI Workshop on Biological and Chemical Agents of Bioterrorism in Food, pp.25–26, 2001.

Carrington CD, Bolger PM. Methods for projecting long-term dietary exposure from short-term survey data for environmental contaminants. Toxicology and Industrial Health 2001 Jun; 17(5–10):176–179.

Rasmussen L, Andersen K, Ando M, Bolger M, Fawell J, Fuge R, Kosmus W, Lamont W, Magara Y, Moy G, Tao S. Chapter 2. Environmental health and human exposure assessment. United Nations Synthesis Report on Arsenic in Drinking Water, pp. 1–45, 2002.

Bolger M, Schwetz B. Mercury and health. NEJM 2002; 347:1735–1736.

Bolger M, Egan K, Jensen E, Canady R Persistent organic pollutants exposure assessment using the US Total Diet Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2002; 56:818–819.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. Methods of projecting long-term dietary exposure from short-term survey data for environmental contaminants. Toxicology and Industrial Health 2002; 17:156–159.

Carrington C, Bolger M. An exposure assessment for methylmercury from seafood for consumers in the United States. Risk Analysis 2002; 22:689–699.

Egan SK, Tao SS, Pennington JA, Bolger PM. US Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study. Intake of nutritional and toxic elements, 1991–1996. Food Additives and Contaminants 2002; 19(2):103–125.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, Egan E, Feeley M, Tohyama C. Cadmium monograph. WHO-FAO, 2003.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, Dinovi M, Feeley M. Methylmercury monograph. WHO-FAO, 2003.

Schober S, Sinks T, Jones J, Bolger M, McDowell M, Osterloh J, Garrett E, Canady R, Dillon C, Sun Y, Joseph C, Mahaffey K. Blood mercury levels in US children and women of childbearing age, 1999–2000. JAMA 2003; 289:1667–1674.

Hollingsworth R, Bjeldanes L, Bolger M, Kimber I, Meade B, Taylor S, Wallace K. The safety of genetically modified foods produced through biotechnology. Tox. Sci 2003; 71:2–8.

Dolan S, Nortrup D, Bolger M, Capar S. Analysis of dietary supplements for arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2003; 51:1307–1312.

Solhaug M, Bolger M, Jose P. The developing kidney and environmental toxins. Pediatrics 2004; 113:1084–1091.

Carrington C, Montwill B, Bolger M. An intervention analysis for the reduction of exposure to methylmercury from the consumption of seafood by women of child-bearing age. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2004; 40:272–280.

McDowell M, Dillon C, Osterloh J, Blger M, Pellizzari E, Fernando R, Montes de Oca R, Schober S, Sinks T, Jones R, Mahaffey K. Hair mercury levels in US children and women of childbearing age. Reference data from NHANES 1999-2000. Environmental Health Perspectives 2004; 112:1165–1171.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, Egan, K., Feeley M, Schlatter J, Tohyama C. Cadmiun (addendum), WHOFood Additive Series, WHO, Geneva, 2004:505-664.

Bellinger D, Bolger M, DiNovi M, Feeley M, Moreau, G., Renwick, A. and Schlatter, J.: Methylmercury (addendum), WHO Food Additive Series, WHO, Geneva, 2004:505-664.

Jensen E, Bolger M. Exposure and hazard assessment of dioxins/furans via the consumption of dairy foods and fish. Food Additives and Contaminants 2005; 18:395–403.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Food safety and toxicology. In: Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Elsevier), pp. 359–365, 2005.

Hayward DG, Bolger PM. Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in baby food made from chicken produced before and after the termination of ball clay use in chicken feed in the United States. Environmental Research 2005 Nov; 99(3):307–13.

Vavasour E, Renwick A, Engell B, Barlow S, Castle L, Dinovi M, Slob W, Schlatter J, Bolger M. Ethyl carbamate, WHO Food Additive Series 55 : WHO, Geneva, 2006: 205-316.

Calabrese EJ, Bachmann KA, Bailer AJ, Bolger PM, Borak J, Cai L, Cedergreen N, Cherian MG, Chiueh CC, Clarkson TW, Cook RR, Diamond DM, Doolittle DJ, Dorato MA, Duke SO, Feinendegen L, Gardner DE, Hart RW, Hastings KL, Hayes AW, Hoffmann GR, Ives JA, Jaworowski Z, Johnson TE, Jonas WB, Kaminski NE, Keller JG, Klaunig JE, Knudsen TB, Kozumbo WJ, Lettieri T, Liu SZ, Maisseu A, Maynard KI, Masoro EJ, McClellan RO, Mehendale HM, Mothersill C, Newlin DB, Nigg HN, Oehme FW, Phalen RF, Philbert MA, Rattan SI, Riviere JE, Rodricks J, Sapolsky RM, Scott BR, Seymour C, Sinclair DA, Smith-Sonneborn J, Snow ET, Spear L, Stevenson DE, Thomas Y, Tubiana M, Williams GM, Mattson MP. Biological stress response terminology. Integrating the concepts of adaptive response and preconditioning stress within a hormetic dose-response framework. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2007 Jul 1; 222(1):122–128.

Egan SK, Bolger PM, Carrington CD. Update of US FDA's Total Diet Study food list and diets. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2007 Nov; 17(6):573–582.

Barlow S, Bolger M, DiNovi M, Renwick A, Street D, Schlatter J. Methylmercury (addendum)WHO Food Additives Series: 58 World Health Organization, Geneva, 2007; 269-316.

Bolger M. Threshold Working Group. Approaches to establish thresholds for major food allergens and for gluten in food. Journal of Food Proteins 2008; 71:1043–1088.

Murray C, Egan S, Kim H, Beru N, Bolger M. US Food and Drug Adminstration’s Total Diet Study. Dietary intake of perchlorate and iodine. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2008; 18:571–580.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Letter to the Editor. Risk Analysis 2008; 28:1–3.

Mindak WR, Cheng J, Canas BJ, Bolger PM. Lead in women's and children's vitamins. Agric Food Chemistry 2008 Aug 27; 56(16):6892–6896.

Barlow S, Bolger PM, Pitt JI, Verger P. Ochratoxin A (addendum). WHO Food, Additive, Series: 59 World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008: 357-431.

Benford D, Bolger PM, Carthew P, Coulet M, DiNovi M, Leblanc JC, Renwick AG, Setzer W, Schlatter J, Smith B, Slob W, Williams G, Wildemann T. Application of the Margin of Exposure (MOE) approach to substances in food that are genotoxic and carcinogenic. Food Chem Toxicol 2010 Jan; 48 Suppl 1:S2-24.

Bolger PM, LeBlanc JC, Setzer RW. Application of the margin of exposure (MOE) approach to substances in food that are genotoxic and carcinogenic. Example. acrylamide (CAS No. 79-06-1). Food Chem Toxicol 2010 Jan; 48 Suppl 1:S25-S33.

Bolger PM, Tao S, Dinovi M. Hazards of dietary furan. In: Process-induced Food Toxicants. R. Stadler and D. Lineback (eds), A. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, pp. 117-133, 2009.

Carrington C, Bolger M. The limits of regulatory toxicology. Tox Appl Pharm 2010; 243:191–197.

Barlow S, Bolger M, DiNovi M, Rao M, Slob W, Wu Y. Pechlorate, WHO Food Additives Series: 63 FAO JECFA monographs. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011: 685–782.

Benford,D. Bellinger D, Bolger M, Carrington C, Hailemariam K, Petersen B, Rath S, Zang Y. Lead (addendum). WHO Food Additives series: 64 World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011: 381–500.

Felter S, Conolly R, Bercu J, Bolger P, et al. A proposed framework for assessing risk from less-than-lifetime exposure to carcinogens. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 2011; 41:507–544.

Bulder A, Arcella D, Bolger M, Kpodo K, Resnik S, Riley R, Wolterink, Wu F. WHO Food Additives series: 65 World Health Organization, Geneva, 2012: 325–756.

Tan C, Yang Y, Murray C, Egan S, Bolger M, Blount B, Clewell H. Using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model to link urinary biomarker concentrations to dietary exposure of perchlorate. Chemosphere, in press, 2012.

Abstracts

Bolger PM, Eisner GM Slotkoff LM.. Effects of arachidonic acid on renal function. Federation Proceedings 1975; 34:363.

Bolger PM, Shea PT, Ramwell PW, Eisner GM Slotkoff LM. Renal effects of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). Federation Proceedings 1977; 36:505.

Shea PT, Bolger PM, Eisner GM Slotkoff LM. Mechanism of prostaglandin(PG) induced natriuresis. Clinical Research 1977; 25:448A.

Bolger PM, Eisner GM, Ramwell PW, Corey EJ Slotkoff LM. Renal effects of prostacyclin. The Physiologist 1077; 20:10.

Bolger PM, Eisner GM, Slotkoff LM. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) mediation of renin release in the canine non filtering kidney. Federation Proceedings 1978; 37:306.

Boyer IJ, Bolger PM, Henry S, Kokoski C. Role of the FDA in the regulation of food-borne contaminants. American Chemical Society Meeting, Dallas, TX, 1988.

Boyer IJ, Bolger PM. Hazards of inorganic contaminants in shellfish. International Conference on Metals in Soils, Waters, Plants and Animals, Orlando, FL, 1990.

Bolger PM. Role of the FDA in establishing tolerable levels for dioxin and PCBs in aquatic organisms. Dioxin and PCBs. National Conference on Approaches to Address Human Health Risks and Aquatic Life Impacts, Washington, DC, May 1990.

Bolger PM. Risks from food contact paper. Dioxin 90 Conference, Bayreuth, Germany, September 1990.

Bolger PM. Risks from fish and milk consumption. Dioxin 90 Conference, Bayreuth, Germany, September 1990.

Bolger PM, Capar S, Adams M. Reductions in dietary lead exposure in the United States. Symposium on the Bioavailability of Lead, Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, September 1990.

Bolger PM. Environmental exposure to lead. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, May 1991.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. Multiple model risk analysis. Developmental effects as a result of methylmercury in fish. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 1993.

Bolger M, Henry S, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood samples from the Prince William Sound. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium, Anchorage, AK, February 1993.

Henry, S, Love L, Bolger M. Hazard assessment of comfrey dietary supplements. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, March 1993.

Assimon S, Page S, Bolger P. Characterization of the adverse effects associated with the ingestion of chaparral herbal products. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, March 1993.

Humphreys S, Bolger M. Hazards of domoic acid contamination of seafood. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, March 1993.

Tao S, Bolger M. Risk of oral germanium dietary supplements. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, March 1993.

Assimon S, Adams M, Jacobs, R., Bolger M. Assessment of potential health hazards associated with barium leached from glazed ceramicware. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Baltimore, MD, March 1994.

Carrington C, Cramer G, Bolger P. A three-dimensional risk analysis for maternal consumption of methylmercury in tuna, International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, July 1994.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Mercury issues for federal regulatory Agencies, Society for Risk Assessment, 1996.

Henry S, Bolger M. Toxicology and regulatory aspects of chlorine and chloro-organics. Annual Meeting of the American Chemical Society, June 1995.

Bolger M, Yess N, Carrington C and Gunderson E. Dietary exposure to lead in the United States. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, June 1995.

Humphreys S, Bolger M. Putative hazards of dietary aluminum, VII International Congress of Toxicology, July 1995.

Henry S, Page S, Bolger M. Hazard assessment of ackee fruit (Blighia sapida), International Congress of Toxicology, July 1995.

Bolger M, Humphreys S, Page S and Wagstaff J. Assessment of Risk of Dietary Phytoestrogens. Third International Phystoestrogen Meeting, December 1995.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Risk assessment of methylmercury in fish. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 1996.

Humphreys S, Carrington C, Bolger M. Risk assessment for fumonisin. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 1996.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Risk assessment–What is the question? Harmonization of State/ Federal Approaches to Assessing and Managing Environmental Risks, May 1996.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Variability and uncertainty of methylmercury risks, International Circumpolar Health Conference, June 1996.

Schwetz B, Bolger M and Gaylor D. FDA perspective of the inclusion of effects of low level exposures in safety/risk assessment, BELLE Conference, November 1996.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Quantitative risk analysis of methylmercury to the fetus and adult. Annual Meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, December 1996.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Uncertainty, Contaminants and the Federal Food Act. Annual Meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, December 1996.

Henry S, Dinovi M, Bowers, J., Bolger M. Risk assessment for aflatoxin in corn and peanuts in the United States. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 1997.

Humphreys S, Carrington C, Bolger M. Fumonisin risk scenarios. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Cincinnati, OH, March 1997.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Dietary intake of manganese, Manganese. 15th International Neurotoxicology Conference, October 1997.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Dietary manganese – conflict between nutritional requirements and safety/risk assessment. Annual Meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Washington, D.C, December 1997.

Bolger M. Overview of synthetic endocrine-active substances in the human diet. Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation. Estrogenic and Androgenic Effects Conference, Fairfax, VA, November 1997.

Assimon S, Jensen E, Wagstaff J., Bolger M. Assessment of the potential health hazards associated with consumption of apricot seeds. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 1998.

Carrington C, Bolger, C.. A meta-analysis of the Iraqi and Seychelles methylmercury studies, Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 1998.

Ponce R, Bartell S, LaFlamme D, Carrington C, Faustman E, Lee R, Bolger M. Quantitative analysis of risks and benefits for public health decisions applied to fish consumption. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, WA, March 1998.

Bolger M. Safety assessment of sensitive sub-population exposure to elemental contaminants. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 1998.

Bolger M and Jensen E. Exposure and hazard assessment of dioxin/furans via the consumption of dairy foods and fish. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 1998.

Lee R, Bartell S, Ponce R., Griffith, R., Cullen, W., Eaton, A., Bolger M and Faustman E. The value of biomarker information in aflatoxin in aflatoxin risk management. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 1998

Bolger M. FDA perspectives on methylmercury in fish. Mercury in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern States, Fredericton, Canada, September 1998.

Lee R, Bartell S, Ponce R, Griffth, W., Cullen, A., Eaton, D., Bolger M and Faustman E. The value of biomarker information in aflatoxin risk management. Annual Society of Toxicology Meeting, New Orleans, March 1999.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood from the Prince William Sound, SETAC meeting, Anchorage, AK, March 1999.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Assimilating data from multiple studies in health risk assessment. Mercury as a Global Pollutant 5th International Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 1999.

Ponce R, Bartell S, LaFlamme D, Carrington C, Faustman E, Lee R, Bolger M. Development of public health assessments that consider risks from methylmercury and nutritional benefits of fish consumption. Mercury as a Global Pollutant 5th International Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 1999.

Assimon S, Adams M, Jagerdeo, E., Dugar, S., Bolger M. Health hazard assessment for the consumption of fruit brandies containing cyanide-based compounds. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, New Orleans, LA, March 1999.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood from Prince William Sound, Legacy of an Oil Spill – 10 years after Exxon Valdex, Anchorage, AK, March 1999.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Methylmercury – biomarker effect on dose reconstruction and dose-response. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, December 1999.

Bolger M. Dietary supplements – human health risk standards and methods of assessment. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Philadelphia, PA, March 2000.

Henry S, Dinovi M, Bolger M. Safety risk assessment of the mycotoxin patulin in apple juice and apple juice products. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Philadelphia, PA, March 2000.

Assimon S, Dugar, S., Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of the consumption of pear brandies containing methanol. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Philadelphia, PA, March 2000.

Tao S, Bolger P. Dietary exposures of cadmium in the United States. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Philadelphia, PA, March 2000.

Bolger M. Food-borne dietary contaminants – risk assessment issues, Conference on Toxicology and Risk Assessment approaches for the 21st Century, Kings Island, OH, March 2000.

Lee, Y., Bolger M and Troxell T. Overview of FDA‘s pesticide residue monitoring program, International Pesticide meeting, Brazil, July 2000.

Hayward, D., Bolger M. PCDD and PCDF levels in baby food made from chicken produced before and after 1997 in the United States, International Dioxin meeting, Monterey, CA, August 2000.

Bolger M, Carrington C and Humphreys S. Fumonisin toxicity and risk assessment.. Annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, August 2000.

Tao S, Bolger M. An exposure assessment of inorganic arsenic from rice and shrimp, 5th International Arsenic meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2000.

Bolger M, Carrington C and Canady R. Framework for assessing dietary chemical threats, Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, 2003.

Carrington C, Bolger M. An intervention analysis for the reduction of exposure to methylmercury, Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, 2003.

Humphreys S, Bolger, P. and Canady R. Acrylamide. a case study in hazard assessment of genetic toxicity, Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, 2003.

Bolger M, Carrington C. A compensation method for estimating long-term dietary exposure from shot-term consumer surveys, International Society of Exposure Assessment, Milan, Italy, 2003.

Humphreys S, Due, P., Francke-Carroll, S., Bolger M. Calamus. reassessment of carcinogenicity, FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, March 2003.

Assimon S, Bolger M. Health hazard assessment for peanut allergy, Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, Baltimore, MD, 2004.

Carrington, CD, Bolger PM. An evaluation of the impact of limiting exposure to methylmercury from seafood by women of child-bearing age on developmental milestones, of Society of Risk Analysis Annual, Baltimore, MD, 2004.

Assimon S, Bolger M. Peanut allergy. an assessment of the health hazard, FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, March 2004.

Bolger PM. Acrylamide in food–an overview, Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, San Diego, CA, 2005.

South, P., Egan K, Troxell T, Bolger PM. Dietary PCDD/PCDF exposure estimates for the US population, International Dioxin meeting, Berlin, Germany, 2006.

Carrington C, Bolger M. A quantitative comparison of dose-response models for methylmercury and neurobehavioral development. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Diego, CA, March 2006.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Chemical contaminants in seafood–Integration of risks and benefits. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Diego, CA, March 2006.

Assimon S,, Bolger M Hazard assessment for egg allergy. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Diego, CA, March 2006.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Risk-risk assessment of methylmercury (MeHg) exposure and fish consumption. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Charlotte, NC, March 2007.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Lead (Pb) effect levels and tolerable levels of exposure. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Charlotte, NC, March 2007.

Henry S, Lorentzen R, Bolger M. A retrospective look at some key FDA risk assessments. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, San Antonio, TX, 2007.

Carrington C, Murray C, Bolger M. Competing risks and benefits of methylmercury and fish consumption, meeting of the International Society of Exposure Analysis, RTP, NC, 2007.

Murray C, Egan S, Bolger M. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA’s) Total Diet Study(TDS). Dietary Intake of Perchlorate and Iodine, meeting of the International Society of Exposure Analysis, RTP, NC, 2007.

Carrington CD., Bolger M. Does-response assessment of methylmercury exposure and fish consumption with several health outcomes; neurobehavioral development and cardiovascular health, Risk-benefit of Fish Consumption International meeting, Bergen, Norway, May 2008

Carrington CD., Bolger M. Methylmercury exposure assessment from the consumption of commercial seafood, International Society of Exposure Analysis, Pasadena, CA, 2008.

Carrington CD., Bolger M. Using epidemiological data for dose-response modeling. fish consumption and cardiovascular disease. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Boston, MA, December 2008.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. History of dietary safety and risk assessment at the US Food and Drug Administration. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Baltimore, MD, 2009.

Assimon S, Bolger M. Nature and Characteristics of the Timing of Reactivity to Gluten in Celiac Disease”. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March , 2009.

Murray C, Egan S, Bolger M. U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Updated Estimates of Dietary Exposure to Perchlorate. Annual meeting of the International Society of Exposure Sciences, Minneapolis, MN, November 2009.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Quantitative approaches to understanding the balance between risks and beneficial effects of fish consumption. new modeling approaches, annual meeting of the American Association of Public Health, New York, NY, November 2009.

Murray C, Egan K, Bolger PM.. US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)’s updated estimates of dietary exposure to perchlorate. ISES annual meeting, Minneapolis, MN, October 2009.

Henry S, Egan K, Bolger PM. Safety evaluation of mussels and azaspiracid toxins, Gordon Conference, June 2010.

Assimon S, Bolger M. Health hazard assessment for gluten in celiac disease. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Salt Lake City, Utah, March 2010.

Carrington, CD, Bolger PM. Elemental contaminants and dietary exposure. Annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology, Baltimore, MD, November 2010.

Murray C, Egan S, South, P., Bolger PM. US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) Updated estimates of dietary exposure to dioxin-like compounds (DLCs). International Dioxin meeting, San Antonio, TX, September 2010.

Assimon, SA, Bolger PM. Levels of concern for gluten exposure in individuals with celiac disease. annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Francisco, CA, March 2012.

Hailemariam, K., Bolger PM. Oil spill chemical dispersants and seafood safety. annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Francisco, CA, March 2012.

Zang, Y., Carrington C,, Bolger PM. Exposure-based estimation of the global foodborne burden of disease from cadmium exposure. annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Francisco, CA, March 2012.

Zang, Y. and Bolger, P. Histamine in Scombrotoxin Fish Poisoning: Toxicology, Epidemiology and Dose-Response Analysis. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, San Antonio, TX, March 2013.

Invited Speaker

Bolger PM. Canine renal response to prostacyclin, Winter Prostaglandin Conference, Sarasota, Florida, January 1978.

Bolger M. Health significance of chemical toxicants in shellfish, Regional Shellfish Specialty Workshop, Washington, DC, June 1982.

Bolger M. Pathophysiological effects of environmental toxicants, Biophysical Concepts in Physiology Course, at The Georgetown University, Washington, DC, April 1983.

Bolger PM. Trends in the exposure of adults and children to lead in the US, Food Chemicals Codex Workshop on Lead, Mont St. Maria, Ontario, Canada, 1986.

Bolger M. Role of the FDA in the regulation of contaminants in food, International Conference on Metals in Soil, Water, Plants, and Animals, Dallas, TX, May 1987.

Bolger M. Role of the FDA in establishing levels for dioxin and PCBs in aquatic organisms. National Conference on Approaches to Address Human Health Risks and Aquatic Life Impacts, Washington, DC, May 1990

Bolger M. Dietary lead exposures in the U.S., Symposium of the Bioavailability and Dietary Exposure to Lead, Chapel Hill, NC, September 1990.

Bolger M. Toxicity equivalency factors for PCB congeners, EPA's Risk Assessment Forum.

Bolger M. Environmental exposure to lead, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, May 1991.

Bolger M. Get the lead out, Society of Glass and Ceramic Decorators, October 1991.

Bolger M. Exposures and risks of PCDDs and PCDFs in the U.S. food supply, Dioxin 91, at Research Triangle Park, September 1991.

Carrington C, Bolger M and Scheuplein R. Risk analysis of dietary lead exposure. Lead in the environment , sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, December 1991.

Bolger M. Methylmercury–hazard and risk. Annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 24, 1992.

Bolger M. General toxicity/exposure of polychlorinated biphenyls. EPA workshop on the developmental neurotoxic effects associated with exposure to PCBs, Research Triangle Park, September 14-15, 1992.

Bolger M, Assimon S and Braverman, C.. Overview of PCB toxicology. EPA Risk Assessment Forum meeting, Raleigh-Durham, N.C., May 1993.

Bolger M, Henry S, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment in subsistence seafood samples from the Prince William Sound. Third Symposium on Evironmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment. Aquatic, Plant and Terrestrial, Atlanta, GA, April 25-28, 1993.

Adams M, Bolger M. Dietary intake and hazards of arsenic, International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects, New Orleans, LA, July 1993.

Bolger M, Yess N, Troxell T, Carrington C. Identification and reduction of sources of dietary lead in the United States, Lead Tech 1993, Washington, D.C., October 1993.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Multiple model risk analysis. Developmental effects from methylmercury exposure. Annual meeting of the Society of Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, February 1993.

Carrington C, Bolger. Two dimensional Monte-Carlo simulation. Use and implementation. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Savannah, GA, December 1993.

Bolger M, Humphreys S, Page S, Wagstaff J. Risks of dietary phytoestrogens. Third International Conference on Phytoestrogens, Little Rock, Arkansas, 1993.

Bolger M. General toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls. EPA national technical workshop on"PCBs in Fish Tissue, May 10–11, 1993.

Carrington C, Cramer G, Bolger P. A three-dimensional risk analysis for maternal consumption of methylmercury in tuna. Hot Springs, AR, November 1994.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Dietary manganese—Conflict between nutritional requirements and safety/risk assessment. Annual Neurotoxicology meeting, Hot Springs, AK, November 1995.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of dietary phytoestrogens. Third International Conference on Phytoestrogens, Little, AK, September 1995.

Bolger M. Variability and uncertainty of methylmercury risks. International Circumpolar Health Conference, Anchorage, AK, June 1996.

Bolger M. Hazards and risks of methylmercury. Annual meeting of the Intersociety of Energy Conversion, Washington, D.C., August 1996.

Bolger M. FDA perspective of the inclusion of effects of low level exposures in safety/risk assessment. BELLE Conference, Research Triangle Park, NC, November 1996.

Bolger M. Food borne neurotoxins. Conference on Environmental Neurotoxins, Albany, NY, December 1996.

Bolger M. Natural products in food and dietary supplements—What are the human health risk standards and how do we assess them? Instructor, continuing education course. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, 1997.

Bolger M. Issues encountered in assessment of the health risks of essential elements. Monterey, CA, October 1997.

Bolger M. Residue and exposure levels of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors. Conference on Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation, Estrogenic and Androgenic Effects, Fairfax, VA, November 1997.

Bolger M. Issues in characterizing risks of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors, conference on Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation. Estrogenic and Androgenic Effects, Fairfax, VA, November 1997.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of sensitive sub-population exposure to elemental contaminants. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Cincinnati, OH, March 1998.

Tao S, Bolger M. Dietary intakes of arsenic in the United States. Third International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects, San Diego, CA, August 1998.

Bolger M. Arsenic dietary hazards and risks, meeting of the National Academy of Sciences expert arsenic panel, August 1997.

Bolger M. Safety/risk Assessment of food additives, pesticides and environmental contaminants. Food Safety Initiative meeting, Food Safety Risk Assessment, Users and Needs, University of Maryland, August 1998.

Bolger M. The role of regulatory science in the Executive branch. AAAS fellowship program, September 2009.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood from the Prince William Sound. 10th anniversary meeting on the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Anchorage, AK, May 1999.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Assimilating data from multiple studies in health risk assessment—Methylmercury. International Mercury meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999.

Bolger M. Toxicology and safety assessment of patulin. FDA Food Advisory Panel, June 1999.

Bolger M. Methylmercury dietary hazards and risks. Meeting of the National Academy of Sciences expert mercury panel, August 1998

Bolger M. Methylmercury—Hazard and risk issues. NIH symposium on mercury in thimerasol, September 1999.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Dietary contaminants—Risk assessment and management issues. International Risk Assessment meeting , Soul, Korea, November 1999.

Carrington C, Humphreys S, Bolger M. A risk assessment for exposure to fumonisin in corn. International Fumonisin workshop, University of Maryland, February 2000.

Bolger M. Dietary supplements—Standards of evidence, symposium on dietary supplements. Annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury—Hazards and risks. FDA Science forum, Washington, D.C., February 2000.

Bolger M, Henry S. Toxicology and safety assessment of patulin. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Tao S, Bolger M. Dietary exposures to cadmium in the United States. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Dietary supplements—Standards of evidence, symposium on dietary supplements. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury risk assessment under the food safety initiative. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, February 1999.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of dietary supplements. Ssession chair, annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology, McLean, VA, November 1999.

Bolger M. Food-borne dietary contaminants—Risk assessment issues. EPA-DOD Risk assessment meeting, Kings Island, OH, April 2000.

Bolger M. Mycotoxins—Risk assessment and regulatory issues. Meeting of the Groceries Manufacturing Association, Washington, D.C., May 2000.

Bolger M, Jensen E. Dietary dioxin/furan residue levels and exposures from dairy products and fish in the United States. International Dioxin meeting, Monterey, CA, August 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury in seafood – risks and attendant uncertainties. AOAC March meeting, Sacramento, CA, 2002.

Bolger M. FDA methylmercury fish advisory overview. FDA Food Advisory Committee meeting, July 2002.

Bolger M. Food safety risk assessment. Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, Boston, MA, September 2002.

Bolger M. FDA market basket study of dioxin-like contaminants. Meeting of NRC/NAS Committee on EPA’s Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of TCDD and Related Compounds, March Washington, DC, 2005.

Bolger M. Contemporary concepts of toxicology. Probabilistic Risk Assessment, SOT meeting, Washington, DC, 2005.

Bolger M. Food borne contaminants. Annual meeting of the Association of Food and Drug Officials, Pittsburg, PA, 2005.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of food borne contaminants, public health and the benefits and risks of seafood consumption. Ceres Roundtable, College Park, MD, September 2005.

Bolger M. Historical overview of MeHg and PCB regulatory standards. EPA’s Annual Fish Advisory meeting, Baltimore, MD, September 2005.

Bolger M. Overview of JACFA MOE assessment on acrylamide, risk assessment of carcinogens that are both genotoxic and carcinogenic. New Approaches, Brussels, Belgium, November 2005.

Bolger M. Risks of food borne industrial contaminants. Annual meeting to the International Association of Food Protection, Orlando, FL, August 2007.

Bolger M. Investigating the risk of food contaminants—Toxicological Considerations. New Orleans, LA, April 2008.

Bolger M. The food safety/risk assessment paradigm and elemental hazards International Workshop on the US Pharmacopie”s Heavy Metals Testing Methodologies, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, August 2008.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of dietary elemental contaminants. ODS Dietary Supplements Element Methodology Workshop, Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, March 2009.

Bolger M. Anthropogenic and natural chemical contaminants in food – Detection and control. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Research Council/ National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., May 2009.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Quantitative approaches to understanding the balance of risks and beneficial effects from fish consumption. New modeling approaches. Annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, New York City, NY, November 2009.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. History of dietary safety and risk assessment. US Food and Drug Administration. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Baltimore, MD, December 2009.

Bolger PM. Hazards of food borne elemental contaminants. Metal impurities in pharmaceuticals, White Oak, MD, April 2010.

Murray, CW, Egan, SK, South, PK, Bolger PM. The United States Food and Drug Administration. Dioxin Monitoring Program, International Dioxin meeting, Belgium, October 2011.

Carrington, CD, Bolger PM. Risk assessment and management options for chemical contaminants in a global food supply. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2012.

Invited Speaker


Bolger PM. Canine renal response to prostacyclin. Winter Prostaglandin Conference, Sarasota, FL, January 1978.

Bolger M. Health significance of chemical toxicants in shellfish. Regional Shellfish Specialty Workshop, Washington, DC, June 1982.

Bolger M. Pathophysiological effects of environmental toxicants. Biophysical Concepts in Physiology Course, at The Georgetown University, Washington, DC, April 1983.

Bolger PM. Trends in the exposure of adults and children to lead in the US. Food Chemicals Codex Workshop on Lead, Mont St. Maria, Ontario, Canada, 1986.

Bolger M. Role of the FDA in the regulation of contaminants in food. International Conference on Metals in Soil, Water, Plants, and Animals, Dallas, TX, May 1987.

Bolger M. Role of the FDA in establishing levels for dioxin and PCBs in aquatic organisms. National Conference on Approaches to Address Human Health Risks and Aquatic Life Impacts, Washington, DC, May 1990.

Bolger M. Dietary lead exposures in the U.S. Symposium of the Bioavailability and Dietary Exposure to Lead, Chapel Hill, NC, September 1990.

Bolger M. Toxicity equivalency factors for PCB congeners. EPA's Risk Assessment Forum.

Bolger M. Environmental exposure to lead. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, May 1991.

Bolger M. Get the lead out. Society of Glass and Ceramic Decorators, October 1991.

Bolger M. Exposures and risks of PCDDs and PCDFs in the U.S. food supply. Dioxin 91, at Research Triangle Park, September 1991.

Carrington C, Bolger M, Scheuplein R. Risk analysis of dietary lead exposure. Lead in the environment, sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, December 1991.

Bolger M. Methylmercury—azard and risk. Annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 24, 1992.

Bolger M. General toxicity/exposure of polychlorinated biphenyls. EPA workshop on the developmental neurotoxic effects associated with exposure to PCBs, Research Triangle Park, September 14–15, 1992.

Bolger M, Assimon S, Braverman, C. Overview of PCB toxicology. EPA Risk Assessment Forum meeting, Raleigh-Durham, N.C., May 1993.

Bolger M, Henry S, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment in subsistence seafood samples from the Prince William Sound. Third Symposium on Evironmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment. Aquatic, Plant and Terrestrial, Atlanta, GA, April 25–28, 1993.

Adams M, Bolger M. Dietary intake and hazards of arsenic. International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects, New Orleans, LA, July 1993.

Bolger M, Yess N, Troxell T, Carrington C. Identification and reduction of sources of dietary lead in the United States. Lead Tech 1993, Washington, D.C., October 1993.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Multiple model risk analysis. Developmental effects from methylmercury exposure. Annual meeting of the Society of Society of Toxicology, Dallas, TX, February 1993.

Carrington C, Bolger. Two dimensional Monte-Carlo simulation. Use and implementation. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Savannah, GA, December 1993.

Bolger M, Humphreys S, Page S, Wagstaff J. Risks of dietary phytoestrogens. Third International Conference on Phytoestrogens, Little Rock, AR, 1993.

Bolger M. General toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls. EPA national technical workshop on PCBs in Fish Tissue, May 10–11, 1993.

Carrington C, Cramer G, Bolger P. A three-dimensional risk analysis for maternal consumption of methylmercury in tuna. Hot Springs Arkansas, November 1994.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Dietary manganese—Conflict between nutritional requirements and safety/risk assessment. Annual Neurotoxicology meeting, Hot Springs, AK, November 1995.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of dietary phytoestrogens. Third International Conference on Phytoestrogens, Little, AK, September 1995.

Bolger M. Variability and uncertainty of methylmercury risks. International Circumpolar Health Conference, Anchorage, AK, June 1996.

Bolger M. Hazards and risks of methylmercury. Annual meeting of the Intersociety of Energy Conversion, Washington, D.C., August 1996.

Bolger M. FDA perspective of the inclusion of effects of low level exposures in safety/risk assessment. BELLE Conference, Research Triangle Park, NC, November 1996.

Bolger M. Food borne neurotoxins. Conference on Environmental Neurotoxins, Albany, NY, December 1996.

Bolger M. Natural products in food and dietary supplements—What are the human health risk standards and how do we assess them? Instructor, continuing education course. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, 1997.

Bolger M. Issues encountered in assessment of the health risks of essential elements. Monterey, CA, October 1997.

Bolger M. Residue and exposure levels of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors. Conference on Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation, Estrogenic and Androgenic Effects, Fairfax, VA, November 1997.

Bolger M. Issues in characterizing risks of dietary endocrine modulators and disruptors, conference on Human Diet and Endocrine Modulation. Estrogenic and Androgenic Effects, Fairfax, VA, November 1997.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of sensitive sub-population exposure to elemental contaminants. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Cincinnati, OH, March 1998.

Tao S, Bolger M. Dietary intakes of arsenic in the United States. Third International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects, San Diego, CA, August 1998.

Bolger M. Arsenic dietary hazards and risks. Meeting of the National Academy of Sciences expert arsenic panel, August 1997.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of food additives, pesticides and environmental contaminants. Food Safety Initiative meeting, Food Safety Risk Assessment, Users and Needs, University of Maryland, August 1998.

Bolger M. The role of regulatory science in the Executive branch. AAAS fellowship program, September 2009.

Bolger M, Carrington C. Hazard and risk assessment of crude oil contaminants in subsistence seafood from the Prince William Sound. 10th anniversary meeting on the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Anchorage, AK, May 1999.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Assimilating data from multiple studies in health risk assessment—methylmercury. International Mercury meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999.

Bolger M. Toxicology and safety assessment of patulin. FDA Food Advisory Panel, June 1999.

Bolger M. Methylmercury dietary hazards and risks. Meeting of the National Academy of Sciences expert mercury panel, August 1998

Bolger M. Methylmercury—Hazard and risk issues. NIH symposium on mercury in thimerasol, September 1999.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Dietary contaminants—Risk Assessment and Management Issues. International Risk Assessment meeting , Soul, Korea, November 1999.

Carrington C, Humphreys S, Bolger M. A risk assessment for exposure to fumonisin in corn. International Fumonisin workshop, University of Maryland, February 2000.

Bolger M. Dietary supplements—Standards of evidence. Symposium on dietary supplements. Annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury—Hazards and risks. FDA Science Forum, Washington, D.C., February 2000.

Bolger M and Henry S. Toxicology and safety assessment of patulin. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Tao S, Bolger M. Dietary exposures to cadmium in the United States. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Dietary supplements—Standards of evidence. Symposium on dietary supplements. Annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology, March 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury risk assessment under the food safety initiative. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, February 1999.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of dietary supplements. Session chair. Annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology, McLean, VA, November 1999.

Bolger M. Food-borne dietary contaminants—Risk assessment issues. EPA-DOD Risk assessment meeting, Kings Island, OH, April 2000.

Bolger M. Mycotoxins-risk assessment and regulatory issues. Meeting of the Groceries Manufacturing Association, Washington, D.C., May 2000.

Bolger M and Jensen E. Dietary dioxin/furan residue levels and exposures from dairy products and fish in the United States., International Dioxin meeting, Monterey, CA, August 2000.

Bolger M. Methylmercury in seafood – risks and attendant uncertainties. AOAC March meeting, Sacramento, CA, 2002.

Bolger M. FDA methylmercury fish advisory overview. FDA Food Advisory Committee meeting, July 2002.

Bolger M. Food safety risk assessment. Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, Boston, MA, September 2002.

Bolger M. FDA market basket study of dioxin-like contaminants. Meeting of NRC/NAS Committee on EPA’s Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of TCDD and Related Compounds, Washington, DC, March 2005.

Bolger M. Contemporary concepts of toxicology – Probabilistic risk assessment. SOT meeting, Washington, DC, 2005.

Bolger M. Food borne contaminants. Annual meeting of the Association of Food and Drug Officials, Pittsburg, PA, 2005.

Bolger M. Risk assessment of food borne contaminants. Public Health and the Benefits and Risks of Seafood Consumption, Ceres Roundtable, College Park, MD, September 2005.

Bolger M. Historical overview of MeHg and PCB regulatory standards, EPA’s Annual Fish Advisory meeting, Baltimore, MD, September 2005.

Bolger M. Overview of JACFA MOE assessment on acrylamide, risk assessment of carcinogens that are both genotoxic and carcinogenic. New Approaches, Brussels, Belgium, November 2005.

Bolger M. Risks of food borne industrial contaminants. Annual meeting to the International Association of Food Protection, Orlando, FL, August 2007.

Bolger M. Investigating the risk of food contaminants. Toxicological Considerations, New Orleans, LA, April 2008.

Bolger M. The Food Safety/Risk Assessment Paradigm and Elemental Hazards. International Workshop on the US Pharmacopie’s Heavy Metals Testing Methodologies, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, August 2008.

Bolger M. Safety/risk assessment of dietary elemental contaminants. ODS Dietary Supplements Element Methodology Workshop, Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, March 2009.

Bolger M. Anthropogenic and natural chemical contaminants in food – Detection and control. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Research Council/ National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., May 2009.

Carrington C, Bolger M. Quantitative approaches to understanding the balance of risks and beneficial effects from fish consumption. New modeling approaches. Annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, New York City, NY, November 2009.

Carrington C, Bolger PM. History of dietary safety and risk assessment at the US Food and Drug Administration. Annual meeting of the Society of Risk Analysis, Baltimore, MD, December 2009.

Bolger PM. Hazards of food borne elemental contaminants. Metal impurities in pharmaceuticals, White Oak, MD, April 2010.

Murray, CW, Egan, SK, South, PK, Bolger PM. The United States Food and Drug Administration. Dioxin Monitoring Program, International Dioxin meeting, Belgium, October 2011.


Prior Experience

Supervisory/Expert Physiologist/Toxicologist and Chief of the Chemical Hazards Assessment Team, Office of Food Safety, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)/ Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 2000–2012

Supervisory Physiologist/Toxicologist and Chief of the Contaminants Standards, Monitoring and Program, Division of Programs and Enforcement Policy, Office of Plant and Dairy Foods and Beverages, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)/ Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 1986–2000

Review Physiologist/Toxicologist in the Contaminants and Natural Toxicants Evaluation Branch/ Division of Toxicology/CFSAN/FDA, 1980–1986

Staff Fellow Physiologist/Toxicologist in the Colors and Cosmetics Evaluation Branch/ Division of Toxicology/ Bureau of Foods/ Food and Drug Administration, 1978–1980

Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics/ Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, 1976–1978

NIH Pre-doctoral Research Trainee (U.S.P.H.S. Training Grant HL 05527), Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown University Medical Center, 1973–1976

Professional Affiliations

American Association for the Advancement of Science

American Chemical Society (Division of Environmental Chemistry)

American College of Toxicology

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists

American Heart Association, Nation’s Capital Affiliate

American Physiological Society

American Society of Nephrology

International Society for the Study of Xenobiotics

National Capitol Area Chapter of the Society of Toxicology

New York Academy of Sciences

Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (District of Columbia Chapter)

Society for Occupational and Environmental Health

Society of Environmental Geochemistry and Health

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Society of Risk Analysis

Society of Toxicology


CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown College, 1976
  • B.S., Biology, Villanova University, 1971

LICENSES & CERTIFICATIONS

Diplomat of the American Board of Toxicology (DABT), recertified 2011