Dr. Senatore specializes in on-road and off-road vehicle dynamics, including handling and stability, vehicle-terrain interaction, wheel dynamics, and terramechanics. Dr. Senatore has experience with robotic systems, image processing, soil mechanics, and instrumentation and sensing technologies. Dr. Senatore’s expertise lies at the intersection of geotechnical engineering and vehicle dynamics, with application to the defense, space, automotive, agricultural, and mining industry.
Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Senatore was a research scientist at MIT, where he collaborated with national agencies, research institutions, and private companies to study how vehicles and robotic systems interact with natural environments. He has developed extensive knowledge of vehicle mobility analysis, including single wheel testing procedures and vehicle-terrain interaction models. Projects have included the development of strategic and tactical tools to support mobility of Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) and Mars Exploration Rover (MER) missions, the development of terramechanics models for lightweight ground vehicles, the design and manufacturing of single wheel test beds for off-road wheel and track testing, the support of vehicle dynamics simulation software development, and the implementation of a particle image velocimetry (PIV) test rig for granular materials studies. These projects involved rapid prototyping, design, data acquisition, signal processing, standard geotechnical testing, vibrations, and control skills.
Dr. Senatore obtained his Ph.D. in Engineering Mechanics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. His thesis work entitled “Prediction of mobility, handling, and tractive efficiency of wheeled off-road vehicles” introduced a novel wheel-terrain interaction model capable of describing complex vehicle behaviors, including slip-sinkage and multi-pass effect. While at Virginia Tech, Dr. Senatore also developed an algorithm for ridge detection in images associated with the analysis of complex flows, and proposed a novel approach for energy efficient navigation of underpowered vehicles in non-trivial flows.
CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS
- Ph.D., Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), 2010
- B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, 2004
Senatore C, Stein N, Zhou F, Bennett K, Arvidson R, Trease B, Lindemann R, Bellutta P, Heverly P, Iagnemma K. Modeling and validation of mobility characteristics of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover. International Symposium of Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space (i-SAIRAS), Montreal, Canada, June 2014.
Senatore C, Iagnemma K. Analysis of stress distributions under lightweight wheeled vehicles. Journal of Terramechanics 2014 Feb; 51:1–17. ISSN 0022-4898, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jterra.2013.10.003.
Senatore C, Wulfmeier M, Vlahinich I, Andrade J, Iagnemma K. Design and implementation of a particle image velocimetry method for analysis of running gear-soil interaction. Journal of Terramechanics 2013 Oct–Dec; 50(5–6):311–326. ISSN 0022-4898, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jterra.2013.09.004.
Zhou F, Arvidson R, Bennet K, Trease B, Lindemann R, Iagnemma K, Senatore C, Bellutta P. Simulations of Mars Rover Traverses. Journal of Field Robotics 2014; 31(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rob.21483.
Senatore C, Jayakumar P, Iagnemma K. Experimental study of lightweight tracked vehicle performance on dry granular materials. 7th Americas Regional Conference of the ISTVS, Tampa, FL, November 4–7, 2013.
Smith W, Melanz D, Senatore C, Iagnemma K, Peng H. Comparison of DEM and traditional modeling methods for simulating steady-state wheel-terrain interaction for small vehicles. 7th Americas Regional Conference of the ISTVS, Tampa, FL, November 4–7, 2013.
Jayakumar P, Melanz D, Maclennan J, Senatore C, Iagnemma K. Stochastic modeling and uncertainty cascade of soil bearing and shearing characteristics for light-weight vehicle applications. 7th Americas Regional Conference of the ISTVS, Tampa, FL, November 4–7, 2013.
Senatore C, Jayakumar P, Maclennan J, Iagnemma K. Investigation of stress and failure in granular soils for lightweight robotic vehicle applications. Proceedings, Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium, Troy, MI, August 2012. Best conference paper award.
Senatore C, Iagnemma K. Direct shear behavior of dry, granular soils for low normal stress with application to lightweight robotic vehicle modelling. Proceedings, International Symposium of the International Society of Terrain-Vehicle Systems, Blacksburg, VA, 2011.
Senatore C, Sandu C. Torque distribution influence on tractive efficiency and mobility of off-road wheeled vehicles. Journal of Terramechanics 2011 Oct; 48(5):372–383.
Senatore C, Sandu C. Off-road tire modeling and the multi-pass effect for vehicle dynamics simulation. Journal of Terramechanics 2011 Oct; 48(4):265–276.
Iagnemma K, Senatore C, Trease B, Arvidson R, Shaw A, Zhou F, Van Dyke, L, Lindemann R. Terramechanics modeling of Mars Surface Exploration rovers for simulation and parameter estimation. Proceedings, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference, 2011.
Trease B, Arvidson R, Lindemann R, Bennett K, Zhou F, Iagnemma K, Senatore C, Van Dyke L. Dynamic modeling and soil mechanics for path planning of Mars Exploration Rovers. Proceedings, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference, 2011.
Senatore C, Sandu C. Off-road vehicle mobility and energy efficiency Prediction, 9th Asia-Pacific Conference of the ISTVS, Sapporo, Japan, September 2010.
Senatore C, Ross SD. Detection and characterization of transport barriers in complex flows via ridge extraction of the finite time Lyapunov exponent field. International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering 2010 Dec, 10.1002/nme.3101.
Ross SD, Tanaka ML, Senatore C. Detecting dynamical boundaries from kinematic data in biomechanics. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science 2010; 20:017507.
Senatore C, Sandu C. Exit angle influence on energy efficiency of off-road tires. 11th European Regional Conference of the ISTVS, Bremen, Germany, October 2009.
Senatore C, Ross SD. Fuel-efficient navigation in complex flows. Proceedings, 2008 American Control Conference, pp.12441248, 2008.
Senatore C, Iagnemma K. Terramechanics and mobility research. Invited Talk, Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC), Warren, MI, June 13, 2013.
Research Scientist, MIT, 2013–2014
Postdoctoral Associate, MIT, 2010–2012
Research Assistant, Virginia Tech, 2008–2010
American Society of Mechanical Engineers—ASME
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