Douglas Young
Douglas E. Young, Ph.D.
Principal Scientist
Human Factors & Industrial Engineering
  • Los Angeles

Dr. Young has over 25 years of experience examining issues related to human performance, human factors, biomechanics, and ergonomics in accidents, injuries, and safety. He has evaluated the human behavior and safety of operation for products manufactured in the automotive and other consumer-product industries, and has studied factors that cause human error and accidents. His scientific expertise includes the analysis of human movement control, coordination, gait, loss of balance, injury assessment, performance in sports and recreational activities, and analysis of accident patterns, as well as reaction time, vision, and the operation of vehicles and machinery.

His research examines effectiveness of warnings, safety information, operation of controls, biomechanics, and accident and injury analyses, as well as human error and its determinants, including movement control, information processing, perception, memory, attention, stress, aging, and training.

Dr. Young also holds the position of Professor in Kinesiology at the California State University in Long Beach (CSULB), is the Director of the Motor Behavior Laboratory, and is a member of the Institutional Review Board for the protection of human subjects at CSULB. He was a co-investigator on a multi-year research grant sponsored by the National Institute of Health and has received numerous awards for his scientific research. He is an active member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the Society of Automotive Engineers. Dr. Young has served as a research consultant with the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Long Beach, California, as a consultant with governmental emergency service agencies, including the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department and Long Beach Fire Department, and as an expert with the Association of Scientific Advisors, Inc.

CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1988
  • M.S., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1987
  • B.S., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1983

  • Award for Scholarly and Creative Research, California State University

    Young Scholar Award, Western College Physical Education Society

    Meritorious Performance and Professional Promise Award, California State University

Publications

Barakat B, Crump C, Cades D, Rauschenberger R, Schwark J, Hildebrand E, Young D. Eye tracking evaluation of driver visual behavior with a forward collision warning and mitigation system. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 59(1), 1321-1325, 2015.

Crump C, Cades D, Rauschenberger R, Hildebrand E, Barakat B, Young D. Driver reactions in a vehicle with collision warning and mitigation technology. SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1411, 2015. doi:10.4271/2015-01-1411.

Crump C, Cades D, Rauschenberger R, Hildebrand E, Young D. Dynamic on-road method for evaluation of Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS). Proceedings, 3rd Annual World Conference of the Society for Industrial and Systems Engineering, pp. 77–81, San Antonio, TX, October 20–22, 2014. ISBN: 97819384960-2-8.

Cades D, Young D, Glazek, K, Nauhaus, G, Alper S. Motorcoach seat belt use rates in the United States. Proceedings, 2nd Annual World Conference of the Society for Industrial and Systems Engineering, pp. 283–288, ISBN: 97819384960-1-1, Las Vegas, NV, November 5–7, 2013.

Kim R, Nauhaus G, Glazek K, Young D, Lin S. Development of coincidence-anticipation timing in a catching task. Perceptual & Motor Skills: Physical Developmental & Measurement 2013; 117(1):1–20.

Heckman G, Kim R, Lin S, Rauschenberger R, Young D, Lange R. Drivers’ visual behavior during backing tasks: Factors affecting the use of rearview camera displays. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2012; 56:2236–2240.

Kim R, Rauschenberger R, Heckman G, Young D, Lange R. Efficacy, and usage patterns for three types of rear-view camera displays during backing up. Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE 2012-01-0287.

Young D, Heckman G, Kim R. Human factors in sudden acceleration incidents. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2011; 55:1938–1942.

Wu W, Young D, Schandler S, Meir G, Judy R, Perez J, Cohen M. Contextual interference and augmented feedback: Is there an additive effect for motor learning? Human Movement Science 2011; 30: 1092-1101.

Harley E, Scher I, Stepan L, Young D, Shealy J. Reaction times of skiers and snowboarders. Journal of ASTM International, JAI102829, 2010.

Heckman G, Harley E, Scher I, Young D. Helmet use in sledding: Do users comply with manufacturer warnings? Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting, 2010.

Schmidt, R, Young, D. Cars gone wild: the major contributor to unintended acceleration in automobiles is pedal error. Frontiers in Psychology 2010, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00209.

Heckman G, Jackson G, Keefer R, Ray R, Harley E, Young D. Mechanisms of automatic transmission console shift selection and driver egress. Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, April 2009.

Harley E, Trachtman D, Heckman G, Young D. Driver gear-shifting behaviors and errors. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, 2008.

Huntley-Fenner G, Harley E, Trachtman D, Young D. ANSI Z535.6 and conspicuity: A test of the new state of the art format for instructions. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting, 2007.

Scher I, Young D, Trachtman D. The influence of age on the forces produced during normal seat belt buckling. Proceedings, ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference (SBC2007), Keystone Resort and Conference Center, Keystone, CO, June 20–24, 2007.

Young D, Trachtman D, Scher I, Schmidt R. High school and college baseball pitchers’ response and glove movements to line drives. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 2006; 22(1):25–32.

Vijayakumar V, Scher I, Pierce J, Bove R, Gloeckner D, Young D, Cargill R. Head kinematics and upper neck loading during simulated low-speed rear-end collisions: A comparison with vigorous activities of daily living. Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE 2006-01-0247.

Young D, Trachtman D, Krauss D. Human performance issues in auditory collision-avoidance systems. 10th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Clearwater, FL, 2005.

Scher I, Young D, Trachtman D, Dubey A. Falling objects: Is there really a potential for head injury? 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vail, CO, 2005.

Trachtman D, Schmidt R, Young D. The role of pedal configuration in unintended-acceleration and pedal-error accidents. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 49th Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 2005.

Keetch K, Schmidt R, Lee T, Young D. Especial skills: Their emergence with massive amounts of practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 2005; 31(5):970–978.

Ayres T, Li L, Trachtman D, Young D. Passenger-side rear-view mirrors: Driver behavior and safety. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 2005; 35:157–162.

Young D, Trachtman D, Dracup B, Al-Tarawneh I. Are seat belt usage rates lower than we think? Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 2004.

Arndt S, Ayres TJ, Li L, Wood CT, Young D. Human factors in product recall planning. Proceedings, 6th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering—Theory, Applications and Practice, 2001.

Young D, Schmidt R, Ayres T, Trachtman D. Risk and driver behavior with adjustable pedals. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 45th Annual Meeting, 2001.

Ayres T, Li L, Schleuning D, Young D. Preferred time-headway of highway drivers. 4th Annual IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Oakland, CA, 2001.

Ayres T, Wood C, Schmidt R, Young D, Murray J. Afforandance perception and safety intervention. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference, San Diego, CA, 2000.

Ayres T, Arndt S, Young D. Product-related risk of falling among the elderly. Proceedings, Silicon Valley Ergonomics Conference and Exposition, San Jose, CA, 1998.

Ayres T, Kost G, Schmidt R, Werner S, Young D. Risk analysis and bicycling injuries. American Society of Mechanical Engineering Conference, Anaheim, CA, 1998.

Arndt S, Ayres T, McCarthy R, Schmidt R, Wood C, Young D. Warning labels and accident data. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference, Chicago, IL, 1998.

Ayres T, Wood C, Schmidt R, Young D, Murray J. Effectiveness of warning labels and signs: An update on compliance research. Proceedings, Silicon Valley Ergonomics Conference and Exposition San Jose, CA, 1998.

Schmidt R, Young D, Ayres T. Automotive seat belts: Usage patterns in automatic shoulder belt systems. Human Factors; 40(1):126–135, 1998.

Schmidt R, Young D, Ayres T, Wong, J. Pedal misapplications: Their frequency and variety revealed through police accident reports. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 1997.

Ayres T, Fowler G, Young D, Bjelajac V. Slope perception and slope warnings. Proceedings, Silicon Valley Ergonomics Conference and Exposition, Palo Alto, CA, 1997.

Ayres T, Lau E, Schmidt R, Young D. Operator experience and accident risk. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference, Washington, D.C., 1996.

Young D, Ayres T, Schmidt R, Bjelajac V. Inherent movement variability as a cause of stair accidents. Proceedings, Silicon Valley Ergonomics Conference and Exposition, Palo Alto, CA, 1996.

Young D, Ayres T, Fowler G, Bjelajac V. Reaction time and ATV operation. Proceedings, CybErg Conference, 1996.

Serr R, Lavay B, Green G, Young D. Dexterity and bench assembly work productivity in adults with mild mental retardation. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities 1994; 29(2):165–171.

Young D, Cohen M, Husak W. Contextual interference: On the processes that influence retention. Human Movement Science 1993; 12:577–600.

Teasdale N, Bard C, Fleury M, Young D, Proteau L. Determining movement onsets from Temporal Series. Journal of Motor Behavior 1993; 25:7–106.

Young D, Schmidt R. Augmented kinematic feedback for motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior1992; 24:261–273.

Schmidt R, Young D. Methodology for motor learning: A new paradigm for kinematic feedback. Journal of Motor Behavior 1991; 23:13–24.

Young D. Motor learning for physical education. In: Western College Physical Education Society Monograph Series. Peavy RD (ed), Pullman, Washington, Department of Physical Education, p. 26–31, 1991.

Swinnen S, Young D, Walter C, Serrien D. Control of asymmetrical bimanual movements. Experimental Brain Research 1991; 85:163–173.

Husak W, Young D. Motor learning: How to teach skills. Science of Coaching Swimming, L.K. Garnett (ed), Champaign, Illinois, Human Kinetics, p. 1–22, 1991.

Butler S, Young D. Promotion of ethnic and cultural diversity in educational institutions and systems. CAHPERD Journal Times 1990; 52(8):13–15.

Schmidt R, Lange C, Young D. Optimizing summary knowledge of results for skill learning. Human Movement Science 1990; 9:13–25.

Schmidt R, Young D, Swinnen S, Shapiro D. Summary knowledge of results for skill acquisition: Support for the guidance hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 1989; 15:152–159.

Books


Young D. Advanced motor control concepts (2nd Edition). Palos Verdes, CA: Feedforward Press, 2014.

Young D. Motor control and learning principles. Palos Verdes, CA: Feedforward Press, 2011.

Young D, Lacourse M, Husak W. Motor learning: A practical guide laboratory manual, 2nd Edition. Dubuque, Iowa: E. Bowers Publishing, 1999.

Young D, Husak W. Motor learning: A practical guide. Dubuque, Iowa, E. Bowers Publishing, 1995.

Young D, Husak W. Motor learning: A practical guide laboratory manual. Dubuque, Iowa, E. Bowers Publishing, 1995.

Husak W, Young D. Motor control and learning: Laboratory experiments, Dubuque, Iowa, E. Bowers Publishing, 1988.

Book Chapters


Young D, Schmidt R, Lee T. Skill learning: Augmented feedback. In: International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Karwowski W (ed), pp. 583–587, London, Taylor and Francis, 2001.

Lee T, Schmidt R, Young D. Skill learning: Conditions of practice. In: International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Karwowski W (ed), pp. 588–562, London, Taylor and Francis, 2001.

Schmidt R, Lee T, Young D. Principles of simple movement. In: International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Karwowski W (ed), pp. 293–597, London: Taylor and Francis, 2001.

Schmidt R, Heuer H, Ghodiason D, Young D. Units of behavior in bimanual coordinated tasks. In: Bernstein’s Tradition in Motor Control. Latash M (ed), New Jersey, Elsiever Publishers, 1998.

Young D, Schmidt R. Augmented feedback for enhanced skill acquisition. Tutorials in Motor Behavior II. Stelmach G and Requin J (eds), Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, p. 677–693, 1992.

Young D, Schmidt R. Units of motor behavior: Modifications with practice and feedback. Attention and Performance XIII. M. Jeannerod (ed), Hillsdale, New Jersey, Laurence Erlbaum, p. 763–795, 1991.

Young D, Schmidt R. Motor programs as units of movement control. Making Them Move: The Mechanics, Control, and Animation of Articulated Figures. Badler N, et al. (eds), New York, New York, Morgan Kaufman, p. 129–156, 1990.

Schmidt R, Young D. Transfer of motor skills, transfer of training. Cormier S and Hagman J (eds), Orlando, Florida, Academic Press, p. 47–79, 1987.

Reports

Young D, Lacourse M. A talent identification model for junior tennis players. Technical Report No. 1/95. Motor Behavior Laboratory, California State University, Long Beach, CA, 1995.

Presentations and Published Abstracts


Meir G, Perez J, Judy, R, Young D, Cohen M. Contextual interference and augmented feedback in young and old adults. Proceedings, North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

Meaders K, Young D. The scientific method and warnings expert. DRI Product Liability Conference, New Orleans, LA, 2007.

Meaders K, Young D. Scientific method and warnings analysis. DRI Product Liability Conference, Las Vegas, NV, 2006.

Young D, Schmidt R. In-vehicle technology: Safety, automation, and driver behavior. Society of Automotive Engineers In-Car Electronics and Telematics TOPTEC, Long Beach, CA, 2000.

Dzikowski S, Lacourse M, Young D. Perceptual and reproduction scaling of peak movement velocities presented on videotape at different playback speeds. Proceedings, North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Monterey, CA, 1995.

McClelland J, Lacourse M, Young D. Perception and modeling in motor behavior. Proceedings, Long Beach Research Symposium, Long Beach, CA, 1994.

Serr R, Lavay B, Young D, Greene G. Work productivity in adults with mild retardation. Proceedings, American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, San Diego, CA, 1994.

Zafiroglu N, Young D, Lacourse M. The control of the force-time impulse and variability in sequential limb movements. College of Health and Human Services Research Poster Communications Session, Long Beach, CA, 1994.

Serr R, Lavay B, Young D, Greene G. Dexterity and beach assembly work productivity in adults with mental retardation. College of Health and Human Services Research Poster Communications Session, Long Beach, CA, 1994.

Dzikowski S, Lacourse M, Young D. Perceived velocity of golf swings demonstrated in slow motion and fast forward on videotape. College of Health and Human Services Research Poster Communications Session, Long Beach, CA, 1994.

McClelland J, Lacourse M, Young D. Perception of velocity in videotapes demonstrations. College of Health and Human Services Research Poster Communications Session, Long Beach, CA, 1994.

McClelland J, Lacourse M, Young D. Optimizing the display features of videotaped demonstrations. Proceedings, North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Minneapolis, MN, 1993.

Saw L, Lacourse M, Young D. Neuromotor control strategies for complex limb movements. Proceedings, Long Beach Research Symposium, Long Beach, CA, 1992.

Sinclair W, Young D. On the management of academic programs. Presentation at the Annual Western College Physical Education Society Meeting, Reno, NV, 1992.

Young D. Motor learning research for physical education. Paper presented at the Annual Western College Physical Education Society Meeting, Reno, NV, 1991.

Young D, Cohen M, Husak W. Degraded acquisition conditions that enhance skill learning. Paper presented at the annual Long Beach Research Symposium, Long Beach, CA, 1991.

Young D, Husak W, Cohen M. Schedules of contextual interference and augmented feedback for skill acquisition. Paper presented at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Asilomar, CA, 1991.

Young D, Swinnen S, Beukers M. Temporal constraints and invariant relative time. Paper presented at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Asilomar, CA, 1991.

Carlson R, Young D. Selective recruiting: Marketing your programs to potential majors and minors. Paper presented at the Annual Western College Physical Education Society Meeting, Reno, NV, 1991.

Anderson D, Young D, Husak W, Cohen M. Post-KR delay activities that degrade skill learning. Paper presented at the Annual American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, San Francisco, CA, 1991.

Young D. Augmented feedback for motor learning: theoretical and practical applications. Paper presented at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Houston, TX, 1990.

Young D, Cohen M, Husak W, McAurther D, Anderson D. The contextual interference effect: A test of theoretical notions. Paper presented at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Houston, TX, 1990.

Lew D, Young D, Husak W. Contextual interference and amounts of practice. Paper presented at the California Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Long Beach, CA, 1990.

Anderson D, Young D, Cohen J, Husak W, McAurther D, Shandler S. Maximizing learning with contextual interference. Paper presented at the California Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, San Diego, CA, 1990.

Cohen M, Husak W, Young D, McAurther D, Shandler S. Contextual interference: Elaboration or reconstruction. Paper presented at the Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Los Angeles, CA, 1990.

Young D, Schmidt R. Motor programs as units of movement control. Presentation at the Workshop on Mechanics, Control, and Animation of Articualted Figures, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1989.

Young D, Schmidt R. The examination of knowledge of performance for insight into information feedback. Presentation at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Kent, OH, 1989.

Lange C, Young D, Schmidt R. Differences in movement pattern variables with extended practice. Presentation at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Kent, OH, 1989.

Swinnen S, Young D, Walter C, Serrin D. The role of interlimb interference in the control of bimanual movements. Presentation at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Kent, OH, 1989.

Young D, Schmidt R. The provision of information feedback. Paper presented at the California Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Los Angeles, CA, 1988.

Young D, Magill R, Schmidt R, Shapiro D. Motor programs as control structures for reversal movements: An examination of rapid movements and unexpected perturbations. Presentation at the Annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Conference, Knoxville, TN, 1988.


Academic Appointments

Professor, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach

Professional Affiliations

Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (member)

North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (member)

Society of Automotive Engineers (member) 

Additional Information

Editorships and Editorial Review Boards

California Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Journal/Times (associate editor)

Human Factors, Journal of Motor Behavior, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport Sciences, Perceptual and Motor Skills, Psychological Reports (reviewer)

Knowledge

CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1988
  • M.S., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1987
  • B.S., Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1983

  • Award for Scholarly and Creative Research, California State University

    Young Scholar Award, Western College Physical Education Society

    Meritorious Performance and Professional Promise Award, California State University