Jeffrey Wishart
Jeffrey Wishart, Ph.D.
Manager
Vehicle Engineering
Phoenix

Dr. Jeffrey Wishart specializes in advanced vehicle technologies and energy systems, with a diverse background in high-energy physics. His experience spans the automotive industry and academia having collaborated with private entities, government agencies, utilities, and leading multi-million-dollar research initiatives. Dr. Wishart has experience in the powertrain design process, from virtual prototyping using modeling, simulation, and mathematical optimization, to design validation and Design Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (DFMEA). His validation and testing experience includes; component- and vehicle-level testing, chassis, and engine dynamometer testing; closed track and public road testing, including performance and durability testing; and real-world driving emissions testing. As Chair of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Verification and Validation (V&V) Task Force under the On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) Committee, Dr. Wishart is leading an effort to develop standards that include safety principles and testing methodologies to ensure that vehicles equipped with automated driving systems (ADSs) are safe to be driven on public roads.

In addition to his position at Exponent, Dr. Wishart holds the position of Adjunct Professor at Arizona State University (ASU) in the Automotive Systems department, after previously being a full-time faculty member. In this academic capacity, he is engaged in cutting-edge research and development (R&D) in ADSs from both a safety and energy efficiency perspective, cooperative platooning of heavy-duty vehicles, hydrogen storage technologies for fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), extreme fast charging of electric vehicles (EVs), and disabling wrong-way-driving vehicles. Dr. Wishart’s R&D experience includes advanced powertrain technologies—including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), EVs, and FCVs—as well as fuel consumption-reduction technologies and EV charging infrastructure.

Prior to joining Exponent and ASU, Dr. Wishart was a Staff Engineer at the Intertek Center for Evaluation of Clean Energy Technology (CECET). In this role, he was the technical lead for the vehicle and infrastructure engineering team focused on testing and research of advanced powertrain and infrastructure technologies, with a Department of Energy (DOE) grant of $33M for the Advanced Vehicle Testing and Evaluation (AVTE) program. As Quality Manager for the Phoenix, AZ facility, Dr. Wishart led the effort to secure International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17025 accreditation. 

Before joining Intertek, Dr. Wishart was a Senior Principal Engineer at ECOtality, where he was the technical lead on the precursor to the aforementioned AVTE program, the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), with a focus on emerging energy technologies such as vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and advanced-chemistry batteries. He was also a Project Manager on the $212M, DOE-funded “The EV Project”, the largest deployment of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in the world at the time (2010-2013). As part of this project, the Blink brand line of EVSE was developed and commercialized. It was the first EVSE to achieve safety compliance listing from Underwriters Laboratory (UL), and also the first to include a touchscreen, a utility-grade meter, and be networked. Dr. Wishart led the effort to achieve Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification for the Blink products that have both wireless and cellular communication capabilities. Additionally, he wrote white papers on the project findings on topics that ranged from discussion of demand charges to greenhouse gas emissions avoidance. 

Dr. Wishart has worked internationally in various energy systems positions. In Canada, he worked at Powertech Labs and Flowserve in the transportation and oil and gas (O&G) industries, respectively. In Australia, Dr. Wishart worked at the Queensland utility, Ergon Energy, in several capacities relating to asset management and emerging transportation technologies. 

CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria—Institute for Integrated Energy Systems (IESVic), Canada, 2008
  • M.Sc., Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan—Canadian Light Source (CLS), Canada, 2001
  • B.Sc., Engineering Physics, University of British Columbia, 1998

LANGUAGES

  • French

Publications

Journal Articles

Carlson R, Wishart J, Stutenberg K. On-road and dynamometer evaluation of vehicle auxiliary loads. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, April 2016; 9(1):260-268.

Wishart J, Carlson R, Chambon P, Gray T. Testing of close-to-commercialization energy storage devices takes to the road. SAE Automotive Engineering International, March 2013.

Secanell M, Wishart J, Dobson P. Computational design and optimization of fuel cells and fuel cell systems: A review. Journal of Power Sources, April 2011; 196(8):3690-3704.

Wishart J, Secanell M, Zhou Y. Hybrid vehicle nomenclature and plug-in hybrid vehicle fuel economy. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, June 2010; 2(3):177-201.

Wishart J, Zhou Y, Dong Z. Review of multi-regime hybrid vehicle powertrain architecture. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, August 2008; 1(3):248-275.

Wishart J, Zhou Y, Firmani F, Dong Z. Dynamic modelling and simulation of a multi-regime hybrid vehicle powertrain architecture. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, April 2008; 1(2):188-219.

Wishart J, Dong Z, Secanell M. Optimization of a PEM Fuel Cell System Based on Empirical Data and a Generalized Electrochemical Semi-Empirical Model. Journal of Power Sources, October 2006; 162(2):1041-1055.

Hirose A, Wishart J. On Transition Radiation. Canadian Journal of Physics, October 2001; 78(11):997-1003.

Conference Articles

McPhail D, Wishart J, Ingram D. Utilizing an Aggregated Network of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment to Provide Demand Response to the Electricity Grid. Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, Paper AUPEC-2016-17, Brisbane, Australia, September 2016.

Carlson R, Wishart J, Stutenberg K. On-road and dynamometer evaluation of vehicle auxiliary loads. SAE World Congress, Paper 2016-01-0901, Detroit, USA, April 2016.

Shirk M, Wishart J. Effects of electric vehicle fast charging on battery life and vehicle performance. SAE World Congress, Paper 2015-01-1190, Detroit, USA, April 2015.

Wishart J, Carlson R, Chambon P, Gray T. The Electric Drive Advanced Battery (EDAB) Project: Development and utilization of an on-road energy storage system testbed. SAE World Congress, Paper 2013-01-1533, Detroit, USA, March 2013.

Wishart J, Shirk M, Gray T, Fengler N. Quantifying the effects of idle-stop systems on fuel economy of light-duty passenger vehicles. SAE World Congress, Paper 2012-01-0719, Detroit, USA, April 2012.

Zhou Y, Younis A, Dong Z, Wishart J. Optimization of control strategy and key components of a two-mode hybrid vehicle. 12th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Victoria, Canada, September 2008.

Wishart J, Zhou Y, Dong Z. Review, modelling, and simulation of two-mode hybrid vehicle architecture. ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Las Vegas, USA, September 2007.

Wishart J, Dong Z, Secanell Z. Optimization of a PEM fuel cell system for low-speed hybrid electric vehicles. ASME 2006 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Philadelphia, USA, September 2006.

Wishart J, Dong Z, Secanell M. Optimization of a fuel cell system based on empirical data of a PEM fuel cell stack and the generalized electrochemical model. 1st International Green Energy Conference, Waterloo, Canada, June 2005.

Dissertations and Theses


Wishart J. Modeling, Simulating, Testing, and Optimization of Advanced Hybrid Vehicle Powertrains. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Victoria—Institute for Integrated Energy Systems (IESVic), April 2008.

Wishart J. Transition Radiation Monitors at the Canadian Light Source. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan—Canadian Light Source, October 2001.

Magazines, White Papers, and Public Reports


Wishart J. The Refueling Wars: A Comparison of Gasoline, Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles. FleetCarma White Paper, November 2017.

Francfort J, Benett B, Carlson R, Garetson T, Gourley L, Karner D, Kirkpatrick M, McGuire P, Scoffield D, Shirk M, Salisbury S, Schey S, Smart J, White S, Wishart J. Plug-in Electric Vehicle and Infrastructure Analysis. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Report, September 2015.

Wishart J. AVTE Interoperability Project: Phase 1: Conductive Charging. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Report, June 2015.

Wishart J. Fuel Cells vs. Batteries in the Automotive Sector. Intertek White Paper, August 2014.

Wishart J. Intertek: Helping Manufacturers Meet the 2025 CAFE Regulations. Intertek White Paper, March 2014.

Wishart J. An Efficient Future: The Effects of Fuel Economy and Emissions Regulations on the Automotive Sector. Charged EVs Magazine, February 2014.

Wishart J. Fuel Cells vs. Batteries. Charged EVs Magazine, December 2013.

Wishart J. Demand Charges & EVSE. Charged EVs Magazine, October 2013.

Wishart J. Lessons Learned – Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Avoidance and Fuel Cost Reduction. The EV Project White Paper, June 2012.

Wishart J. Lessons Learned – DC Fast Charge - Demand Reduction. The EV Project White Paper, May 2012.

Wishart J, Francfort J. The Development of a Charge Protocal to Take Advantage of Off- and On-Peak Demand Economics at Facilities. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Report, February 2015.

Morrow K, Hochard D, Wishart J. Vehicle to Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Smart Grid Communications Interface Research and Testing Report. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Report, September 2011.

Presentations

Wishart J. Evolving V&V to Support an Automated Future. SAE From ADAS to Automated Driving Conference, Detroit, USA, October 2018.

Wishart J. AVTE Interoperability Project: Phase 1. EV2016VÉ Conference, Montreal, Canada, July 2016.

Wishart J. Intertek CECET Vehicle Testing Activities for the U.S. Department of Energy. SAE Arizona Chapter Monthly Meeting, Phoenix, USA, April 2016.

Wishart J. Fast-Charge Effects on Battery Life and Vehicle Performance. EV2014VÉ Conference, Vancouver, Canada, October 2014.

Wishart J. “Advanced Powertrains: Current Industry Status. SAE Arizona Chapter Monthly Meeting, Phoenix, USA, August 2013.

Wishart J. Electric Drive Advanced Battery Testbed. SAE World Congress, Detroit, USA, April 2013.

Wishart J. Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Passenger Vehicles. SAE World Congress, Detroit, USA, April 2012.

Wishart J. The EV Project: Description and Status. EV2012VÉ Conference, Montreal, Canada, October 2012.

Wishart J. The Future of Vehicle Propulsion. Rotary Club, Saanich Chapter, Victoria, Canada, June 2007.

Wishart J. EVs vs. FCVs. British Columbia Sustainable Energy Association, Victoria, Canada, February 2007.

Wishart J. Review, modelling, and simulation of two-mode hybrid vehicle architecture. ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Las Vegas, USA, September 2007.

Wishart J. UVic’s Shell Eco-Marathon Entry. All Points West, CBC Radio, Victoria, Canada, November 2006.

Wishart J. Optimization of a PEM fuel cell system for low-speed hybrid electric vehicles. ASME 2006 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Philadelphia, USA, September 2006.

Wishart J. Optimization of a FCS Based on Empirical Data and Semi-Empirical Model. International Green Energy Conference, Waterloo, Canada, June 2005.

Wishart J. Fuel Cell System Modeling at the University of Victoria. Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (IFCI), Vancouver, Canada, July 2005.

Prior Experience

Adjunct Professor, Arizona State University, 2018-Present

Clinical Assistant Professor, Arizona State University, 2016-2018

Consulting Engineer, Powertech Labs, 2017-2018

Staff Engineer, Intertek, 2013-2016

Senior Principal Engineer, ECOtality, 2009-2013

Senior Project Engineer, Ergon Energy, 2008-2009

Consulting Engineer, University of Victoria, 2007-2008

Consulting Engineer, Greenleaf Integrated Energy Systems, 2007-2008

Project Manager, Ergon Energy, 2002-2005

Academic Appointments

Adjunct Professor, Automotive Systems in Engineering, Arizona State University, 2018-Present

Clinical Assistant Professor, Automotive Systems in Engineering, Arizona State University, 2016-2018

Professional Affiliations

Chair, Society of Automotive Engineers On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) Committee—Validation and Verification Task Force, 2016-Present

Member, Society of Automotive Engineers On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) Committee, 2016-Present

Member, Society of Automotive Engineers Hybrid Communication and Interoperability Task Force, 2013-Present

Member, Society of Automotive Engineers Wireless Charging Task Force, 2013-Present

Member, Society of Automotive Engineers Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Crash Testing Safety Guidelines, 2013-Present

Member, Society of Automotive Engineers Hybrid J1711 Terminology Task Force, 2008-2012

Member, EPRI Infrastructure Working Council, 2015-Present

Project Experience

Principal Investigator on a DOE-funded project to optimize the energy efficiency of an EV, where the application is a shuttle bus with four in-wheel electric hub motors. The optimization includes low-level, powertrain control, V2X communications and look-ahead information from topographical maps, neighboring vehicles, and intersection managers to reduce fuel consumption.

Technical lead on a project to test fuel economy and aerodynamic effects of platooning heavy-duty vehicles equipped with cooperative, adaptive cruise control (CACC) technology.

Co-managed (as a faculty advisor) an Advanced Technology Vehicle Competition (AVTC) in which the students designed a new plug-in hybrid powertrain for a performance light-duty vehicle. The program took place over 4 years and served as a pre-employment training program for a variety of automotive OEMs.

Managed a project to evaluate the effects of charging rates on battery degradation and vehicle performance in EVs. EVs were driven to full depletion and subsequently charged twice per day, with some receiving Level 2 charge rates and the others receiving direct current fast charging (DCFC) charge rates. The results showed that faster charging rates had a lower impact on battery degradation than hypothesized.

Managed a project to assess the industry-wide interoperability of EVs and EVSE. Both automotive and infrastructure OEMs provided test products, and a round-robin testing program was conducted, with the results helping the OEMs determine whether their products were market ready.

Managed a research project to uncover the cause of failure of a utility’s wooden power poles in Queensland, Australia. Failure analysis, technological solutions to non-destructive testing, and asset management practice updates were conducted.

Managed the powertrain team on a project involving the design, construction and testing of a fuel cell-ultracapacitor hybrid vehicle for an AVTC where fuel consumption minimization was the objective.

Additional Information

Editorships and Editorial Review Boards

Session Chair, SAE Powertrain, Fuels, & Lubricants Conference, 2017-Present

Peer Reviewer

Reviewer for Department of Energy (DOE) Annual Merit Review (AMR), 2013-Present

Reviewer for SAE International Journal, 2009-Present

Reviewer for Journal of Power Sources, 2009-Present

Reviewer for Journal of Automobile Engineering, 2009-Present

CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS

  • Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria—Institute for Integrated Energy Systems (IESVic), Canada, 2008
  • M.Sc., Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan—Canadian Light Source (CLS), Canada, 2001
  • B.Sc., Engineering Physics, University of British Columbia, 1998

LANGUAGES

  • French