Reproductive Effects on Freshwater Fish Exposed to 17α-trenbolone and 17α-estradiol

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

March 1, 2017

Exponent scientist Ms. Jane Staveley recently published the article, "Reproductive Effects on Freshwater Fish Exposed to 17α-trenbolone and 17α-estradiol." The article was featured in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.

17α-Trenbolone and 17α-estradiol are principal metabolites in cattle excreta following the administration of Synovex® ONE, which contains trenbolone acetate and estradiol benzoate. As part of the environmental assessment of the use of Synovex® ONE, data were generated to characterize the effects of 17α-trenbolone and 17α-estradiol on the reproduction of freshwater fish. These substances are known endocrine disruptors, so the purpose of testing was not to clarify these properties but to identify concentrations representing population-relevant effects for use in risk characterization. The short-term reproduction assay was conducted with 17α-trenbolone using the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) and the medaka (Oryzias latipes) and with 17α-estradiol using the fathead minnow. Adverse effects on the population-relevant endpoints of survival and fecundity were used to establish the no-observed-effect concentration (NOEC) and the lowest-observed-effect concentration (LOEC) for each study. For 17α-trenbolone, adverse effects on fecundity of the fathead minnow occurred at 120 ng/L; this was the LOEC, and the NOEC was 35 ng/L. 17β-Trenbolone did not adversely affect survival and fecundity of medaka at the concentrations tested, resulting in a NOEC of 110 ng/L and a LOEC of >110 ng/L. 17α-Estradiol did not adversely impact survival and fecundity of the fathead minnow at the concentrations tested, resulting in a NOEC and LOEC of 250 ng/L and >250 ng/L, respectively.

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