Dr. Morrison has over 24 years of experience evaluating the relationship between anthropogenic activities and health effects to natural resources and humans. Dr. Morrison specializes in natural resource damage assessment (NRDA), environmental causal analysis, and assessments of water quality conditions. Integrating her expertise in ecology, biology, causal analysis, and natural resource assessment, Dr. Morrison also supports sustainability and environmental justice efforts by identifying and quantifying natural capital and ecosystem service benefits from restoration, mitigation, and remediation projects that use nature-based solutions.
Dr. Morrison has provided scientific consultation regarding the design of field studies for NRDA, and she has worked closely with legal counsel during scientific assessments and settlement negotiations with state and federal trustees. Dr. Morrison has performed detailed technical assessments of injuries to natural resources, including vegetation, benthic infauna, fishes, shellfishes, corals, birds, and wildlife. She has also developed site-specific sediment toxicity thresholds based on the empirical relationships of chemical concentrations to biological effects and evaluated the impacts of climate change events to ecological populations. She has provided expert testimony concerning potential injury to natural resources and the net environmental benefits of remediation alternatives.
Projects Dr. Morrison has been involved with have concerned oil spills, sewage releases, heavy metal contamination, polychlorinated biphenyls, coal ash, phosphate mining, harmful algal blooms, and various industrial and municipal facilities that have generated complex releases to the environment. Dr. Morrison applies statistical tools and weight-of-evidence approaches to delineate exposure zones, predict the likelihood of contamination events, evaluate net environmental benefits, quantify ecosystem services, and assess causation. She uses a broad knowledge of biology, ecology, toxicology, and human health to assess risk and injury, evaluate sustainability, weigh net environmental benefits, and support decision making.
CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS
- Sc.D., Environmental Health, Harvard University, 2004
- M.S., Environmental Health, Harvard University, 2001
- B.S., Biology, Rhodes College, 1997
Mearns AJ, Morrison AM, Arthur C, Rutherford N, Bissell M, Rempel-Hester MA. Effects of pollution on marine organisms. Water Environment Research 2020; 92(10): 1510-1532.
Mearns AJ, Bissell M, Morrison AM, Rempel-Hester MA, Arthur C, Rutherford N. Effects of pollution on marine organisms. Water Environment Research 2019; 91(10):1229-1252.
Mearns AJ, Reish, DJ, Oshida PS, Morrison AM, Rempel-Hester MA, Arthur C, Rutherford N, Pryor R. Effects of pollution on marine organisms. Water Environment Research 2017; 89(10):1704-1798.
Morrison AM, Edwards M, Buonagurio J, Cook L, Murray K, Boehm P. Assessing the representativeness and sufficiency of water samples collected during an oil spill. Proceedings, 2017 International Oil Spill Conference, Vol 2017, No 1.
Mearns AJ, Reish DJ, Oshida PS, Morrison AM, Rempel-Hester MA, Arthur C, Rutherford N, Pryor R. Effects of pollution on marine organisms. Water Environment Research 2016; 88(10), pp.1693-1807.
Morrison AM, Kashuba R, Menzie CA. Evaluating alternative causes of environmental change. Environmental Perspectives 2016; 1.
Boehm PD, Morrison AM, Semenova S, Kashuba R, Ahnell A, Monti C. Comprehensive oil spill liability estimation. Environmental Perspectives 2016; 1.
Boehm PD, Morrison AM. Oil spill liability modeling: helping to manage existential risks. Oil & Gas Insight, 2016; 4.
Morrison AMS, Goldstone JV, Lamb DC, Kubota A, Lemaire B, Stegeman JJ. Identification, modeling and ligand affinity of early deuterostome CYP51s, and functional characterization of recombinant zebrafish sterol 14α-demethylase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 2014; 1840:1825–1836.
Menzie C, Kane Driscoll SB, Kierski M, Morrison AM. Advances in risk assessment in support of sediment risk management. In: Processes, Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments. Reible DD (ed), SERDP ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology, Vol. 6, pp. 107–130, 2014.
Mudge S, Morrison AM. Tracking sources of sewage in the environment. Environmental Forensic Notes, 2010; 9.
Pietari J, Bigham G, Morrison AM. Source tracking for identification of microbial pollution sources. Environmental Forensic Notes, 2009; 6.
Goldstone JV, Goldstone HMH, Morrison AM, Tarrant AM, Kern SE, Woodin BR, Stegeman JJ. Cytochrome P450 1 genes in early deuterostomes (tunicates and sea urchins) and vertebrates (chicken and frog): Origin and diversification of the CYP1 gene family. Molecular Biology and Evolution; in press. MBE Advance Access published on-line October 4, 2007.
Morrison AM. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve Analysis of Antecedent Rainfall and the Alewife/Mystic River Receiving Waters. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report ENQUAD 2005-04, 2005. 26 p.
Morrison AM, Coughlin K. Results of Intensive Monitoring at Boston Harbor Beaches, 1996–2004. Boston, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, Report ENQUAD 2005-05, 76 pp., 2004.
Morrison AM, Coughlin K, Shine JP, Coull BA, Rex AC. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of beach water quality indicator variables. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2003; 69:6405–6411.
Coughlin K, Stanley AM. Boston Harbor beach study suggests a change in beach management. Coastlines, 2001; Issue 11.6.
Coughlin K, Stanley AM. Water quality at four Boston Harbor beaches: Results of intensive monitoring 1996–2000. Boston, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, Report ENQUAD 2001-18, 46 pp., 2001.
Stegeman J, Handley-Goldstone H, Goldstone J, Tarrant A, Morrison AM, Wilson J, Kern S. Pantomic studies in environmental toxicology answers, questions and extrapolation. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A-Comparative Experimental Biology, 2006; 305A:181.
Goldstone JV, Goldstone HMH, Morrison AM, Tarrant A, Kern SE, Woodin BR, Stegeman JJ. Functional evolution of the cytochrome P450I gene family: Evidence of a pre-vertebrate origin. Marine Environmental Research, 2006; 62:S47–S47.
Handley HH, Goldstone JV, Morrison AM, Tarrant, Wilson JY, Godard CA, Woodin BR, Stegeman JJ. Abstracts from the 12th International Symposium on Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms (PRIMO 12)—Receptors and Regulation of Cytochrome P450. Marine Environmental Research, 2004; 58:131+.
Morrison AM, Stegeman JJ. Abstracts from the Twelfth International Symposium on Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms (PRIMO 12)—Cloning, Expression and Characterization of Cytochrome P450 51: An investigation of CYP51 azole sensitivity in aquatic animals. Marine Environmental Research, 2004; 58:131+.
Morrison AM, Stegeman JJ. CYP51 azole sensitivity in lower vertebrates and invertebrate. Drug Metabolism Reviews: Biotransformation and Disposition of Xenobiotics, 2003; 35(2):179.
Palmquist KR, Ma J, Kierski M, Morrison AM. Proactive Assessment of Relative Ecological Risk in Wildfire Prone Areas. EPRI Environmental Aspects of Transmission and Distribution International Workshop. London, England. March 12–13, 2019.
Morrison AM, Ma J, Gard N, Palmquist K, Lin C, Deines A. Ecosystem services accounting in support of corporate environmental stewardship in a changing climate. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 39th Annual Meeting, Sacramento, CA. November 5–8, 2018.
Pietari J, Morrison AM, Kashuba R, Boehm PD. Incorporating a framework for risk assessment, risk management, and risk mitigation of extreme weather events at Superfund sites. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 39th Annual Meeting, Sacramento, CA. November 5–8, 2018.
Deines AM, Palmquist K, Morrison AM. Global Status and Risk of Non-Native Fish Aquaculture. 148th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Atlantic City, NJ. August 19–23, 2018.
Morrison AM, Palmquist K, Kashuba R. Baseline in the Open-Access and “Big Data” Era. Law Seminars International. Washington, D.C. March 1, 2018.
Palmquist K, Morrison AM, Edwards ME. Addressing white hat bias: Lessons from environmental litigation. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 38th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. November 12–16, 2017.
Whittlesey, RW, Morse, TL, Morrison, AM. Energetic Analysis of the Relevance of WAF Preparations to Field Mixing Conditions. Proceedings, 2017 International Oil Spill Conference, Vol 2017, No 1.
Palmquist KR, Ginn TC, Morrison AM, Boehm PD. Addressing Spatial Data Gaps in Deep-sea Benthic Sediment Sampling Following a Large-Scale Oil Spill. Battelle Sediment Conference in New Orleans, LA.
Deines AM, Morrison AM, Menzie CA. Environmental Flows: Evaluating Long-Term Baselines for Hydrological Regime Change in the Southern United States. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA. December 12-16, 2016.
Kashuba R, Morrison A, Palmquist K. Framework for environmental causal analysis that accounts for uncertainty in data quality. Presented at the Session: Integrated Risk Assessment and Emerging Lines of Evidence to Address Uncertainty, at the Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) 2016 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, December 12, 2016.
Yozzo KL, Hauri J, Kane Driscoll S, McArdle ME, Morrison AM. Review of current literature of cardiotoxicity of oil to early life stages of fish for use in natural resource damage assessments. 37th Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Meeting, Orlando FL, November 6-10, 2016.
Kane Driscoll SB, Hauri J, Kulaki K, Morrison AM, McArdle ME, Schierz P, Yozzo KL, Edwards ME. The influence of mixing energy on the concentration and composition of oil in laboratory toxicity tests. 37th Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Meeting, Orlando FL, November 6-10, 2016.
Morrison AM. The Science. Natural Resource Damages 101. Law Seminars International. Washington, D.C. March 9, 2016.
Morrison AM, Murray KJ, Cook LC, Boehm PD. Spatial and Temporal Extent of PAHs Associated with Surface Oil Distributions (Anomalies). Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Conference. Tampa, FL. February 1–4, 2016.
Boehm PD, Morrison AM. The Interplay of Data Needs and Data Analysis Frameworks to Optimize the Collection and Use of Data from Oil Spills. Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Conference. Tampa, FL. February 1–4, 2016.
Whaley JE, Morrison AM, Savery LC. Using the Causal Analysis Framework to Investigate Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Events (poster), Society of Marine Mammalogy Biennial Conference, San Francisco, CA. December 2015.
Kashuba R, Morrison AM, Menzie C. The Application and Misapplication of Directed Acyclic Graphs for Causal Inference in Ecology. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 36th Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT. November 1–5, 2015.
Kierski M, Morrison AM, Kane Driscoll S, Menzie C. A Refined Multi-Site Model to Estimate the Toxicity of PAH-Contaminated Sediments at MGP Sites. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 36th Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT. November 1–5, 2015.
Morrison AM, McArdle M, Menzie C. A Tiered Approach to Causal Analysis in Natural Resource Damage Assessment. 35th Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. November 9–13, 2014.
Morrison AM, Kane Driscoll S, McArdle M, Menzie C. Integrated environmental benefit analysis of sediment remediation thresholds. 32nd Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Meeting, Boston, MA. November 14–17, 2011.
Kierski M, Morrison AM, Kane Driscoll S, Menzie C. A multi-site model to estimate the toxicity of PAH contaminated sediments at MGP sites. 32nd Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Meeting, Boston, MA. November 14–17, 2011.
Kierski M, Morrison AM, Kane Driscoll S, Menzie C. Use of receiver operating characteristic curve analysis to estimate ecological risk zones as part of an ecological risk assessment. 31st Annual Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Meeting, Portland, OR. November 7–11, 2010.
Morrison AM, Coughlin K, Rex A. Bayesian network predictions of Enterococcus exceedances at four Boston Harbor beaches. Water Resources Conference 2008, Amherst, MA. April 8, 2008.
Stegeman J, Handley-Goldstone H, Goldstone J, Tarrant A, Morrison AM, Wilson J, Kern S. Pantomic studies in environmental toxicology answers, questions and extrapolation. 15th International Congress of Comparative Endocrinology, Boston, MA. 2005.
Goldstone JV, Goldstone HMH, Morrison AM, Tarrant A, Kern SE, Woodin BR, Stegeman JJ. Functional evolution of the cytochrome P450I gene family: Evidence of a pre-vertebrate origin. 13th International Symposium on Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms (PRIMO 13), Alessandria, Italy, June 2005.
Morrison AM, Stegeman JJ. CYP51 azole sensitivity in lower vertebrates and invertebrate. 12th North American Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Xenobiotics, Providence, RI. October 12–16, 2003.
Morrison AM, Stegeman JJ. Cloning, expression and characterization of Cytochrome P450 51: An investigation of CYP51 azole sensitivity in aquatic animals. 12th International Symposium, Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms, Tampa, FL. May 2003.
Handley HH, Goldstone JV, Morrison AM, Tarrant AM, Wilson JY, Godard CA, Woodin BR, Stegeman JJ. 12th International Symposium, Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms, Tampa, FL. May 2003.
Morrison AM, Coughlin KA, Shine JP, Coull BA, Rex AC. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of beach water quality indicator variables. Pathogens, Bacterial Indicators, and Watersheds: Treatment, Analysis, Source Tracking, and Phase II Stormwater Issues. New England Watershed Association, Milford, MA. May 14, 2003.
Stanley AM, Coughlin KA, Shine JP, Coull BA, Rex AC. Receiver operating characteristic analysis is a simple and effective tool for using rainfall data to predict bathing beach bacterial water quality. 102nd General Meeting, American Society for Microbiology, Salt Lake City, UT. May 2002.
Coughlin K, Stanley AM. Five years of intensive monitoring at Boston harbor beaches: Overview of beach water quality and use of the Enterococcus standard to predict water quality. Massachusetts Coastal Zone Marine Monitoring Symposium, Boston, MA. May 2001.
Smith SR, Grayston LM, Stanley AM, Webster G, McKenna SA. CARICOMP coral reef monitoring: A comparison of continuous intercept chain and video transect techniques. Scientific Aspects of Coral Reef Assessment, Monitoring and Management, National Coral Reef Institute (NCRI), Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. 1999.
Senior Scientist, Sole Proprietor, Morrison Environmental Data Services, 2004–2007
Data Analyst, ETI Professionals, 2005
Scientist, NIH Toxicology Training Grant, Harvard School of Public Health, 2000–2004
Guest Student, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Stegeman Lab, 2001–2004
Science Intern, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, 03–05/2000, 10/2000–10/2001
Research technician, Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc., Benthic Ecology Research Program (BERP), Bermuda, 01/1998–09/1999, 06–08/2000
Research Intern, Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc., Benthic Ecology Research Program (BERP), Bermuda, 05/1997–12/1997
NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates Fellowship, Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc., Benthic Ecology Research Program (BERP), Bermuda, 08–11/1996
American Chemical Society—ACS
Society for Risk Analysis—SRA
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry—SETAC
North Atlantic Chapter of SETAC
Dr. Morrison has been involved in numerous complex projects relating to environmental contamination and potential risk to humans and biological resources in the affected environment.
Risk Assessments and Natural Resource Assessments
Expert witness concerning net environmental benefits from coal ash closure alternatives at two coal ash plants in North Carolina. Roanoke River Basin Association v. Duke Energy Progress, LLC, United States District Court, Middle District of North Carolina, Case No. 1:16-cv-607 and Roanoke River Basin Association v. Duke Energy Progress, LLC, United States District Court, Middle District of North Carolina, Case No. No. 1:17-cv-452. Testified at deposition.
Expert witness concerning potential damages to terrestrial and aquatic resources, including coral reefs, endangered sea turtles, fish and shellfish, and seagrass beds, resulting from a coastal development project on the Caribbean island of Nevis. Anne Hendricks Bass vs. Director of Physical Planning, Development Advisory Committee, and Caribbean Development Consultant Limited. Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, in the High Court of Justice Saint Christopher and Nevis, Nevis Circuit, Civil Case No. NEVHCV2016/0014. Testified at trial.
Expert witness concerning potential impacts to California fishery populations from the Refugio oil spill. Andrews et al. v. Plains All American Pipeline, L.P. et al. United States District Court, Central District of California, Western Division, Case No. 2:15-cv-04113-PSG-JEM. Testified at deposition.
Expert witness concerning alleged injuries to aquatic resources from disposal of bauxite ore processing wastes for the case Commissioner of the Department of Planning and Natural Resources, Alicia V. Barnes, et al. v. Virgin Islands Alumina Company et al. District Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix, Civil Case No. 2005-0062. Testified at deposition.
Conducted environmental causal analyses of alleged changes in ecological populations in relation to the presence of chlorinated hydrocarbons in rivers, bays, and harbors affected by decades to centuries of complex anthropogenic activities, including historical engineering changes to the waterbodies, municipal sewage releases, and industrial discharges.
Examined the potential for impacts to aquatic resources, including sea turtle populations, from deep sea mineral extraction.
Provided scientific support for natural resource damage assessment of injuries to wildlife, forest, and wetlands associated with a fuel oil release in the White Mountains National Forest.
Evaluated the likelihood of municipal sewage discharges contributing to red tide occurrences in coastal Florida.
Provided analysis and technical support in Florida v. Georgia United States Supreme Court case that considered questions of causation relative to alleged adverse ecological changes in downstream river and bay populations.
Conducted a comprehensive review of an environmental impact assessment of potential impacts to coral reefs from a proposed dairy farm development in Hawaii.
Provided scientific support for the Deepwater Horizon NRDA in the Gulf of Mexico.
Developed a cooperative NRDA field study in the offshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico to collect sediment samples for analysis of chemistry, toxicology, and benthic infauna.
Developed decision management products for beach water quality stakeholders using statistical data analysis tools such as receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Bayesian networks to improve public beach advisories related to elevated fecal bacteria.
Developed net environmental benefit analysis (NEBA) for a lead contaminated river. This analysis used site-specific data to evaluate the costs and benefits of two different remediation options that were being considered. The NEBA was successfully used by the client to negotiate a higher remediation goal than originally proposed by the state’s department of environmental protection.
Performed ROC curve analyses of site-specific polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) toxicity data to assess the relationship between PAH concentration and toxicity at three ecological risk assessment projects in Wisconsin. The curves were used to identify site-specific toxicity thresholds for PAH concentrations in sediment that indicated various zones of toxicity (no toxicity, low toxicity, and high toxicity), with very limited misidentification of sediments.
Provided research support to calculate site-specific no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) and lowest-observed-adverse-effect level (LOAEL) concentrations for mammals and birds for use in a baseline ecological risk assessment in Wisconsin.
Performed ROC curve analysis of national mercury toxicity data to assess the relationship between mercury concentration and toxicity. The curves were also used to identify a threshold mercury concentration for sediment that indicates likely toxicity, with very limited misidentification of sediments that are not toxic.
Assembled and analyzed data and reviewed remedial investigations to conduct a screening-level ecological risk assessment for sediment, surface water, and groundwater for a site in Connecticut. The chemicals considered were total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), metals, and PAHs.
Reviewed species lists and created summary descriptions of organisms that could be potentially impacted by dam construction on a high-altitude river in the Caribbean. This information was important to develop the risk assessment for dam construction.
Researched the toxicity of malathion to fish to support a technical review of the National Marine Fisheries biological opinion for the registration of pesticides containing malathion.
Ecological and Toxicity Studies
Conducted surveys to assess the health of coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove swamps in the nearshore environment of Bermuda. Projects included area-wide habitat surveys as well as surveys of targeted sites potentially impacted by a heavy metals dump, hot water effluent from an incinerator, sedimentation from cruise ship traffic, and chronic release of raw sewage. In addition to ecological surveys, water quality was assessed through measurements of trace metals in water, sediment, and coral tissue.
Surveyed juvenile coral recruitment in the Florida Keys to evaluate whether marine protected areas (MPAs) provide a benefit to coral recruitment.
Studied cytochrome P450 family enzymes, including CYP51 and CYP1, examining their sensitivity to environmental chemicals and their evolution through molecular biology and biochemistry approaches.
Environmental Forensics Projects
Performed document review, information management, and technical writing for numerous complex projects that dealt with historical petroleum contamination and multiple site owners in several types of environmental media.
Reviewed documents, assembled data, and researched metal concentrations associated with crude oil and railroads in support of a Superfund project in Oklahoma.
Examined the correlation of multiple contaminants (PAHs, metals) with PCB congeners at a historically contaminated site in Alabama to identify the likely origins of the PCB contamination.
Performed statistical analysis to determine source contribution in a chemical fingerprinting case at a Superfund site in Washington that involved hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and groundwater.
Human Health Projects
Organized, managed, and simplified a complex database of field sampling reports for a litigation case in Louisiana regarding human air exposure to PAHs.
Performed data analysis and document review for a Superfund site in Oklahoma. The analyses used hydrocarbon chromatograms and limited PAH and metal data to identify the likely sources of contamination.
Researched and compiled screening-level human health inhalation toxicity values for refinery- related gases for an overseas project.
Developed a questionnaire and related database for industrial hygiene surveys to support regulatory compliance for a highly specialized industry.
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CREDENTIALS & PROFESSIONAL HONORS
- Sc.D., Environmental Health, Harvard University, 2004
- M.S., Environmental Health, Harvard University, 2001
- B.S., Biology, Rhodes College, 1997